Flashcards in chapter 3 Pre-Socratics (natural Philosophers) Deck (33)
Who are presocratics
6th and 5th century BCE greek thinkers who inquiring into the world and place of human beings in it
Who was considered the father of western philosophy?
Who believed that all is water?
First to define general principles?
What is Anaximander's philosophy?
What did Anaximander's argue?
Neither of the elements can embrace all of the opposites found in nature
What is apeiron
The only substance that can explain all the opposites is...
Who believed that all is the infinite?
Who is the father of cosmology and astronomy
What is logos
Claims that are supported by good use of logic or evidence
Who first considered the sun as a huge mass?
What is aneximenes philosophy?
All is air
What is rarefraction?
The reduction of an item's density.
Which presocratic believed that the world is flat and rides on a cushion of air
Who is the father of numbers?
What is Pythagoras best known for
The Pythagorean theorem
Who believed that all is number?
What is Hesiod's philosophy?
All comes from nothing
Who states that, All impact or consequent does not matter?
There are no gods as a source of being
All experience has no meaning
There is no purpose or end goal
All perspective are subjective, no objectivity
No absolute moral right or wrong
No self value only self assigned value
What is the theology based view
Gods control the world and events
What are the four elements
(Think of Avatar the Last Airbender)
Who states that quantity determines quality
What is Paremenides philosophy?
All is one
What is plenum?
All is already determined
Who states that change is an illusion
What is Heraclitus philosophy?
All is multiple
Heraclitus states that stability is a...