chapter 3 Pre-Socratics (natural Philosophers) Flashcards Preview

Intro To Philosophy > chapter 3 Pre-Socratics (natural Philosophers) > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 3 Pre-Socratics (natural Philosophers) Deck (33)
Loading flashcards...
1

Who are presocratics

6th and 5th century BCE greek thinkers who inquiring into the world and place of human beings in it

2

Who was considered the father of western philosophy?

Thales

3

Who believed that all is water?

Thales

4

First to define general principles?

Thales

5

What is Anaximander's philosophy?

The unlimited

6

What did Anaximander's argue?

Neither of the elements can embrace all of the opposites found in nature

7

What is apeiron

The infinite

8

The only substance that can explain all the opposites is...

The infinite

9

Who believed that all is the infinite?

Anaximander

10

Who is the father of cosmology and astronomy

Anaximander

11

What is logos

Reasoned account
Claims that are supported by good use of logic or evidence

12

Who first considered the sun as a huge mass?

Anaximander

13

What is aneximenes philosophy?

All is air

14

What is rarefraction?

The reduction of an item's density.

15

Which presocratic believed that the world is flat and rides on a cushion of air

Aneximenes

16

Who is the father of numbers?

Pythagoras

17

What is Pythagoras best known for

The Pythagorean theorem

18

Who believed that all is number?

Pythagoras

19

What is Hesiod's philosophy?

All comes from nothing

20

Who states that, All impact or consequent does not matter?

Hesiod

21

Hesiod states...

There are no gods as a source of being
All experience has no meaning
There is no purpose or end goal
All perspective are subjective, no objectivity
No absolute moral right or wrong
No self value only self assigned value

22

What is the theology based view

Gods control the world and events

23

What are the four elements

(Think of Avatar the Last Airbender)

Fire
Water
Air
Earth

24

Who states that quantity determines quality

Anaxemenes

25

What is Paremenides philosophy?

All is one

26

What is plenum?

All is already determined

27

Who states that change is an illusion

Paremenides

28

What is Heraclitus philosophy?

All is multiple

29

Heraclitus states that stability is a...

An illusion

30

All natural philosophers are missing....

Logic "logos"