Chapter 33 Complementary and Alternative Therapies Flashcards Preview

Introduction to nursing > Chapter 33 Complementary and Alternative Therapies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 33 Complementary and Alternative Therapies Deck (37):
1

allopathic or biomedicine

Conventional western medicine

2

Therapeutic touch contain?

Diagnostic and therapeutic methods that require special training

3

Guided imagery and breathwork are?

Easily learned and applied with no special training

4

Whole medical systems include

Practices such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, and naturopathy

5

Integrative health care emphasizes the importance of the?

Relationship between practitioner and patient; focuses on the whole person; is informed by evidence; and makes use of appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health
-consumers are treated by a team of providers consisting of both biomedical and complementary practitioners

6

Holistic nursing treats the mind-body-spirit of patients, using interventions such as?

relaxation therapy, music therapy, touch therapies, and guided imagery

7

Integrative nursing is defined as

A way of being-knowing-doing that advances the health and well-being of people, families, and communities through caring healing relationships
-integrative nurses use evidence to inform traditional and emerging interventions that support whole person/whole systems healing

8

Fungi-based (mushroom) products

Mycotherapies

9

Healing touch

Biofield therapy; uses gently touch directly on or close to body to influence and support the human energy system and bring balance to the whole body (physical, spiritual, emotional, and mental); a formal education and certification system provides credentials for practitioners

10

Reiki therapy

Biofield therapy derived from ancient Buddhist rituals; practitioner places hands on or above a body area and transfers "Universal life energy," providing strength, harmony, and balance to treat a patient's health disturbances

11

Therapeutic touch

Biofield therapy involving direction of a pracitioner's balanced energies in an intentional manner toward those of a patient, practitioner's hands lay on or close to patients body

12

Process providing a person with visual or auditory information about autonomic physiolgoical functions of the body such as muscle tension, skin temp, and brain wave activity through the use of instruments

Biofeedback

13

Tai Chi

Incorporating breath, movement, and mediation to clense, strengthen, and circulate vital life energy and blood; stimulate the immune system; and maintain external and internal balance

14

Treatments balance the doshas with a combination of dietary and lifestyle changes, herbal remedies and purgative, massage, meditation, and exercise

Ayurvedic medicine

15

System of medical treatments based in the theory that certain diseases can be cured by giving small, highly diluted doses of substances made from naturally occurring plan, animal, or mineral substances that stimulate the vital force of the body so it can heal itself

Homeopathic medicine

16

Use of sweating and purging, herbal remedies, and ceremonies in which a shaman (spiritual healer) makes contact with spirits to ask their direction in bringing healing to people to promote wholeness and healing

Native American traditional healing

17

Focused on treating whole person and promoting health and well-being rather than an individual disease. Herbal medicine, nutritional supplement, physical medicine, homeopathy, lifestyle counseling, and mind-body therapies with an orientation toward assisting the person's internal capacity for self-healing (vitalism)

Naturopathic medicien

18

Chamomile

Promote sleep and relaxation and treat mild GI disturbances and premenstrual symptoms

19

Aloe

-Skin disorders, including inflammation and acute injuries (used topically)
-GI ulcerations, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (taken orally)

20

Chamomile

1) Inflammatory disease of GI and upper respiratory tracts
Effects: Antiinflammatory
2) Generalized anxiety disorder
Effects: Calming agent

21

Echinacea

Upper respiratory tract infections
-Effects: Stimulant of immune system

22

Feverfew

1) Wound healing
Effects: antiinflammatory
2) Arthritis
Effects: Inhibition of serotonin and prostaglandins

23

Garlic

1) Elevated cholesterol levels
Effects: inhibition of platelet aggregation
2) HTN

24

Ginger

Nausea and vomiting
-effects: antiemetic

25

Gingko Biloba

Alzheimers disease and dementia
-effects: memory improvement

26

Ginseng

Age-related diseases

27

Licorice

GI disorders, including gastric ulcers and hepatics C

28

Saw Palmetto

1) Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Effects: Prevention of conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (needed for prostate cell multiplication)
Drug interactions: Finasteride (Propecia) and antiandrogen drugs
2) Chronic pelvic pain

29

Valerian

Sleep disorders, mild anxiety, and restlessness

30

Calamus

Contains carcinogenic (cancerous)

31

Chaparral

Induces severe liver toxicity & uterine contractions

32

Coltsfoot

Contains carcinogenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids
hepatotoxicity

33

comfrey

contains carcinogenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids
may induce venoocclusive diease
hepatotoxicity

34

ephedra (ma huang)

unsafe for HTN, diabetes thyroid disease
avoid caffeine

35

life root

hepatotoxicity

36

pokeweed

Do not use with children

37

A patient expresses the wish to use licorice instead of allopathic drugs to treat gastric ulcers. Which questions should the nurse ask the patient to ensure the patient can safely take licorice?

"Are you taking corticosteroids?"
"Are you taking antihypertensive drugs?"
"Are you taking immunosuppressive drugs?"
Licorice is used for the treatment of gastric ulcers. Licorice is known for interactions with corticosteroids, antihypertensive drugs, and immunosuppressive drugs. Before administrating licorice, the nurse should check the patient’s history for the use of corticosteroids, antihypertensive drugs, or immunosuppressive drugs. History about the use of anticoagulants and antiandrogen drugs is not important because they do not have any impact on the use of licorice.