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Expansion

A subtype of diffusion in which a trait spreads outward from its hearth while remaining strong in the original location through hierarchical , contagious or stimulus patterns

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Hierarchical diffusion

The spread and reinforcement of a cultural trait from a position of power or authority to those with less power or authority

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Contagious diffusion

The rapid and expansive spread of a cultural trait

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Stimulus diffusion

When one cultural tapir emerges out of another

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Cultural convergence

The adoption of a culture or cultural trait by people who live away from its Hearth

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Acculturation

When people migrate to another country, the immigrant will adopt aspects of the new culture And add the new trait to the traits of their home culture

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Assimilation

When a "weaker" culture adopts traits from a dominant culture

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Transcultration

Two cultures that have equal influence of each other without the same effects of acculturation or assimilation

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Cultural extinction

Obliteration of an entire culture by war, acculturation or any combination of the three

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S curve

The shape that shows that rate at which cultural traits are adopted

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Innovator

Someone who introduces a new cultural trait

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Early adopter

Someone who adopts a new cultural trait early in the diffusion process

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Late adopter

Someone who resists the spread of a new cultural trait

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Globalization

The spread and subsequent adoption of a cultural trait across many cultures and countries

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Cultural imperialism

When a one cultural system from another part of the world invades and dominates a local cultural system

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Cultural divergence (cultural nationalism)

When a group of people resists the influence of a particular cultural system

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Xenophobia

The fear of alien people and cultures

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Perceptual region/vernacular region

Area with boundaries that are defined by cultural trait or beliefs, attitudes and opinions.

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Custom

A repetitive act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group

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Folk culture

Culture that is predicted by small homogenous groups living in an isolated area

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Habit

A repetitive act performed by an individual

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Popular culture

Culture that is practiced by large heterogeneous groups over a large area

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Taboo

Refusal to dat particular plants or animals that are thought to embody negative forces in the environment

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Terroir

The contribution of a locations distinctive physical features on the way a food testes

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S-curve

The shape that reflects the rate of adoption of a new cultural trait

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Cultural landscape (built environment)

Tangible result of a human groups interaction with its environment

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Sequent occupance

Theory that a place is occupied by different groups of people, each group leaving an imprint on the place from which the next group learns

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Cultural determinism

Humans WILL overcome the restrictions of the local environment through the use of technology

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Cultural trait

A single attribute of culture (bowing or shaking hands)

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Nonmaterial culture

Cultural traits that are intangible such as beliefs and attitudes

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Culture complex/ cultural realm

The combination of all cultural traits

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Culture system t

Incorporate variations in cultural traits, while recognizing similarities

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Cultural hearth

Places where important ideas began and from which they spread

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Relocation diffusion

The spread of cultural traits through the movement of people

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Migrant diffusion

A type of relocation diffusion where the influence of a culture only lasts a short time

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Maladaptive diffusion

Adoption of a diffusing trait that is impractical for a region or culture

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Distance decay

The deceased influence of a culture or cultural trait the further the distance from its hearth

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Spatial diffusion

Spread of any phenomenon across space and time. Cultural diffusion is a form if spatial diffusion in which cultural phenomena diffuse