Chapter Five Language Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Five Language Deck (36)
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Creole

A language that results that results from the mixing of a colonizers language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated

1

Denglish

A combination of German and English

2

Dialect

A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation

3

Ebonics

A dialect spoken by some African Americans

4

Extinct language

Language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used

5

Franglais

A term used by the French for English words that have entered French language; a combination of Francis's and anglais, the French words for French and English, respectively

6

Isogloss

A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate

7

Isolated language

A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family

8

Language

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning

9

Language branch

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family

10

Language family

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history

11

Language group

A collection if languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary

12

Lingua Franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native language

13

Literary tradition

A language that is written as well as spoken

14

Logograms

A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound

15

Official language

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct l of business and publication of documents

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Pidgin language

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua Franca; used for communication among speakers of two different languages

17

Received Pronunciation

The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom

18

What are the four branches for I do European?

Germanic
Romance
Indo- Iranian
Baltic- Slavic

19

What are the two parts of Germanic?

North Germanic
West Germanic

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Whats North Germanic language exception?

Finish (different language family)

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What languages does west Germanic speak?

English, German , Dutch (Netherlands or holland)

22

Where is Baltic- Slavic?

Eastern Europe

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What exception does Baltic- Slavic have?

Hungarian

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What does "Slavic" come from?

Slavic came from the word slave

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What alphabet does the Slavic language have?

Cyrillic alphabet

26

What language does the Romance speak?

Spanish
Portuguese
French
Italian
Romanian (east Europe)

27

Where is Indo- Iranian?

Hindi ( India)

28

What language does the indo- Iranian speak?

Bangladesh ( speak Bengali South Asia)
Pakashien
Persian (Farsi)

29

What language does Afro- Aslatic speak?

Arabic

30

What language does Sinio- Tibetan speak?

Mandarin Chinese

31

What language does Altaic speak?

Turkish

32

Where is Niger Congo from?

Sub-Sharin Africa

33

What language does Niger-Congo speak?

Lots of different smaller languages

34

Why would lots of languages be bad or good?

Usually bad because a lot of different language causes conflict (diversity)

35

Whats different about Austronesian?

The main island speaks a different language
Two major languages
Fragmented