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1

define hydrocarbon

a hydrocarbon is a compound comprised of carbon and hydrogen atoms only

2

what is a saturated hydrocarbon?

a saturated hydrocarbon contains no pi bonds

 

(saturated = as many hydrogens as possible)

3

IUPAC stands for?

 

IUPAC nomenclature

international union of pure & applied chemistry

 

standardized words for describing chemicals

4

describe an alkane (in words)

an alkane is a saturated hydrocarbon

 

it is H & C, with no pi bonds

5

1 (prefix)

meth

6

2 (prefix)

eth

7

3

 

(prefix)

prop

8

4

 

(prefix)

but

9

5

 

(prefix)

pent

10

6

 

(prefix)

hex

11

7

 

(prefix)

hept

12

8

 

(prefix)

oct

13

9

 

(prefix)

non

14

10

 

(prefix)

dec

15

11

 

(prefix)

undec

16

12

 

(prefix)

dodec

17

13

 

(prefix)

tridec

18

14

 

(prefix)

tetradec

19

15

 

(prefix)

pentadec

20

20

 

(prefix)

eicos

21

30

 

(prefix)

triacont

22

40

 

(prefix)

tetracont

23

50

 

(prefix)

pentacont

24

100

 

(prefix)

hect

25

meth?

1

26

eth?

2

27

prop?

3

28

but?

4

29

pent?

5

30

hex?

6