Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

KIN > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...

coping: a micro-analytic approach

-venturing of emotions
-seeking social support
doesn't explain/no organization


macro-analytic approach

-problem focused coping
-emotion focused coping
-avoidance focused coping


problem focused coping

coping efforts designed to change the actual situation
-similar to task-oriented coping
-tackle the problem head on


emotion focused coping

coping efforts designed to change the way that situation is attended to or interpreted to deal with emotions that arise during the situation


avoidance coping

coping efforts in which athletes attempt to remove themselves from the stressful situation
-similar to disengagement-oriented and distraction oriented coping


integrative approach to coping

-coping inventory for competitive sport framework for classifying coping strategies
-integration of macro and micro analytic approaches
-task-oriented coping
-disengagement oriented coping
-distraction oriented coping


task-oriented coping

-coping that aims to deal directly with the source of the stressor and is resulting thoughts and emotions
ex) thought control; seeking support; effort expenditure; relaxation


disengagement-oriented coping

-coping strategies to disengage from the process of trying to make progress on a personal goal
ex) disengagement/resignation; venting of unpleasant emotions


distraction-oriented coping

-coping strategies that focus on internal and external stimuli that are unrelated to the stressful situation
ex) mental distraction, social distancing


emotional regulation

the process by which individuals influence which emotions they have, when they have them, and how they experience and express them


process model of emotion regulation

1. situation selection
2. situation modification
3. attentional deployment
4. cognitive change
5. reponse modulation


situation selection

-putting oneself in situations that will lead to emotions that one wants to experience or want to avoid


situation modification

-trying to influence the situation directly
-problem focused coping


attentional deployment

directing attention towards (rumination) or away (avoidance) from the situation


cognitive change

changing the emotional significance of the situation by changing how one thinks about the event


response modulation

an individual psychological experiential, or behavioral response to try and regulate emotions


effectiveness and outcomes of coping

1. achievement outcomes
2. emotional outcomes
3. physical outcomes


achievement outcomes

-coping plays a key role in sport performance and goal attainment
-successful coping strategies:
-problem-focused coping; task-focused coping; distraction-oriented coping


emotional outcomes

-problem and task focused is generally associated with positive emotional states and less burnout
-emotion-focused coping, disengagement and avoidance can be associated with neg emotional states and burnout


physical outcomes

-high stress levels and low coping abilities are related to athletic injuries
-coping an contribute to a more rapid return to competition and lower chance of repeat injuries
-seeking support appears to be an important coping strategy for recovering from injuries


factors influencing coping

-associated with positive coping
ex) problem-focused coping; task oriented coping
-level of expertise
-trait self-confidence
-perceived a situation as a challenge rather than a threat