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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (42):
1

What was the main economy of the New England Colonies?

Fishing, whaling, shipbuilding, and trade

2

What is the term for crops grown for export or sale?

Cash crops

3

What is the term for crops, especially grains, that are always in demand - they were grown in the Middle Colonies?

Staple crops

4

What is the term for crops grown for consumption by the family, rather than for sale?

Subsistence crops

5

What do we call products that are shipped to other countries?

Exports

6

This crop saved Jamestown from disaster and became the main crop in Virginia and North Carolina

Tobacco

7

This hard to grow crop was grown in South Carolina and Georgia and, with tobacco, led to an increase in slavery

Rice

8

The French and the British fought this war for control of North America. Although they were victorious, the war nearly bankrupted the British.

The French and Indian War

9

This set of laws regulated trade between Britain and the American colonies

The Navigation Acts

10

What is the name for the law making body of a country?

The legislature
(or the
legislative branch
of government)

11

What is the name of the legislature of Great Britain?

Parliament

12

What land did the British and French fight the French and Indian War to gain control of ?

The Ohio River Valley/ the French territory west of the Appalachian Mountains

13

What is the name of the treaty that ended the French and Indian War?

The Treaty of Paris (1763)

14

What land did France lose to Britain as a result of the French and Indian War?

All the land east of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River became the new border of British territory in North America.

15

What is the main reason that Britain believed it needed to tax its American colonies?

The British wanted the colonies to help to pay for the debts it had from the French and Indian War

16

These laws controlled what products could be imported into America, and to whom Americans could sell their raw materials.

The Navigation Acts

17

This economic system stated that political power comes from having a favorable balance of trade

Mercantilism

18

What are the two functions that colonies serve in the mercantile system?

Colonies serve as:
sources of raw materials and
as markets for finished goods.

19

These Acts actually helped the colonists by providing jobs as ship builders and sailors and by guaranteeing colonists that the British would buy certain goods.

The Navigation Acts

20

This unpopular and widely ignored British law prohibited colonists from settling land west of the Appalachian Mountains

The Proclamation of 1763

21

What is the name for the ocean voyage of Africans kidnapped into slavery?

The Middle Passage

22

What do we call a large southern farm that usually employed slave labor?

A plantation

23

What is the term for a political system in which the King has total power - he is the law, and not subject to the law?

Absolute monarchy

24

What term expresses the political idea that the law is supreme - even the King is must obey the law?

Limited monarchy

25

What is the form of government in which the people elect citizens to make the laws?

Representative democracy
(also called representative government)

26

What term means a form of government in which any white, male colonists could raise issues, propose laws, and vote directly?

Self-government –
the New England town meetings were a form of self-government

27

Identify the event in English history that established Parliament’s supremacy in lawmaking, and that the King is subject to the law

The Glorious Revolution

28

King James signed this document promising that he would not levy taxes without the consent of the people

The Magna Carta

29

What is the term for products brought into a country to be sold?

Imports

30

What is the term for sneaking goods into a country in order to avoid paying import taxes?

Smuggling

31

What is the term for a law making body in the colonies – its elected representatives made local laws for their colony? (Hint: Virginia’s House of Burgesses was the first in the colonies.)

A colonial assembly

32

The gathering of men in New England communities to discuss and vote on decisions for the community – an example of self-government

New England town meeting

33

What term means having a variety of different cultures within a community or country?

Cultural diversity
(also, multiculturalism)

34

What is the term for being treated poorly or having fewer rights because of your religion?

Religious persecution

35

What is the name of the religious revival that emphasized that all people could be saved?

The Great Awakening

36

This was one part of the Enlightenment. It was a revival of interest in science and emphasized the belief that human beings could discover how the physical world operates through reason, observation and experimentation

The Scientific Revolution

37

This part of the Enlightenment emphasized that human beings could discover natural laws of how society and government should be constructed

The Age of Reason

38

What is the term for rights that human beings have simply because they are humans - they do NOT come from the government?

Natural Rights

39

According to Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, what are man’s natural rights?

Equality
Life, liberty, and property

40

What is the term for basic rights, like the right to vote, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury?

Civil liberties

41

What is the term for a loose alliance, where the individual members keep most of the power to themselves, rather than giving it to a central authority or government?

(Hint: The Iroquois formed one of these.)

A confederation

42

Who were the Cayuga, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga, Mohawk, and Tuscarora Indians?

The Iroquois Confederacy