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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (10):
1

Forensic Science

Collection, analysis, and interpretation of physical evidence

2

Forensic Identification

Process of linking a piece of physical trace evidence to an individual, usually the criminal suspect

3

Anthrometry

The first technique of tracing evidence hailed as scientific

4

Alphonse Bertillon

11 measurements

5

Biometrics

Identifying someone based upon individual measurable anatomical traits

6

Trace Evidence

left at scene of crime or transported from the scene of a crime
fingerprints, hair, skin, nails, carpet fibers, blood

7

Source Attribution

if there is evidence that has very similar unexplainable comparisons related to the suspect
fibers from their sweatshirt were found in multiple locations-one being the crime scene

8

Individualization

when evidence is a "match" and it is concluded it could not have been from any other source in the world.

9

Excluded

when there is substantial inconsistencies a scientist might report the suspect is an excluded source

10

Inconclusive

when trace evidence is incomplete, contaminated, or impossible to analyze with precision