Flashcards in Chapter 4: Moral Development Deck (12):
1. Sociocultural standards of _____ and ____ are the basis for an individual’s morality.
2. Morality develops when the young child identifies with the ____ ____ parent.
3. Females’ morality is weaker than that of the males because females cannot resolve “Oedipal tensions” –Due to: ____ _____.
1. right and wrong
2. same sex
3. penis envy
-Rules are set and can’t be changed
-Moral development is promoted by interactions with peers, instead of parents
Heteronomous Morality (children)
Adolescents take into account people’s motivations for behavior
*Number 1 thing I want to know here is why.
Kolhberg's 3 levels:
pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional
Rule enforcers and not the rules themselves influence one’s actions (I do not want to get in trouble/get caught)
right is what agrees with rules established by society, authority, & tradition (concern is
a little more complex. we can’t all break rules because society
would fall apart. For the good of society)
right comes from self-derived, universal principles (I have come up with the rules-but
not anything goes).
-Most females think of morality more personally than do males. Males define themselves as separate from others.
-Ethic of Care characterizes
females’ approach to moral decisions
-This ethic emphasizes compassion & a sense of responsibility to others
-Contrasts with Kohlberg’s (males’) Justice Orientation which emphasizes rules and reason.
Recent research says:
BOTH males and females take justice and care issues into consideration when thinking about moral issues
The TYPE of moral dilemma influences moral reasoning MORE than Gender
Kohlberg’s theory of morality is biased in favor of individualistic thinking
The 3 ethics (worldviews approach)
Autonomy, community, and divinity