Chapter 4: Moral Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Moral Development Deck (12):
1

FREUD
1. Sociocultural standards of _____ and ____ are the basis for an individual’s morality.

2. Morality develops when the young child identifies with the ____ ____ parent.

3. Females’ morality is weaker than that of the males because females cannot resolve “Oedipal tensions” –Due to: ____ _____.

1. right and wrong
2. same sex
3. penis envy

2

PIAGET
-Rules are set and can’t be changed
-Moral development is promoted by interactions with peers, instead of parents

Heteronomous Morality (children)

3

PIAGET
Adolescents take into account people’s motivations for behavior
*Number 1 thing I want to know here is why.

Autonomous Morality

4

Kolhberg's 3 levels:

pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional

5

KOLHBERG
Rule enforcers and not the rules themselves influence one’s actions (I do not want to get in trouble/get caught)

Pre-conventional level

6

KOLHBERG
right is what agrees with rules established by society, authority, & tradition (concern is
a little more complex. we can’t all break rules because society
would fall apart. For the good of society)

Conventional level

7

KOLHBERG
right comes from self-derived, universal principles (I have come up with the rules-but
not anything goes).

Post-conventional level

8

GILLIGAN

-Most females think of morality more personally than do males. Males define themselves as separate from others.
-Ethic of Care characterizes
females’ approach to moral decisions
-This ethic emphasizes compassion & a sense of responsibility to others
-Contrasts with Kohlberg’s (males’) Justice Orientation which emphasizes rules and reason.

9

Recent research says:

BOTH males and females take justice and care issues into consideration when thinking about moral issues

The TYPE of moral dilemma influences moral reasoning MORE than Gender

10

Culture Critique:

Kohlberg’s theory of morality is biased in favor of individualistic thinking

11

The 3 ethics (worldviews approach)

Autonomy, community, and divinity

12

Emerging adults in the USA rely especially on the Ethic of:

Autonomy