Chapter 4: Religious Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Religious Development Deck (15):
1

Economically developed countries tend to be highly ____.

Secular

2

_______are more religious than people in virtually any other economically developed country.

Americans

3

3 characteristics that increase regigiousity:

-If your parents talk about religion in the home
-Parental participation
-If both parents are of similar religion.

4

2 characteristics that decrease religion:

-if your parents disagree on religion
-if your parents are divorced.

5

Religiosity generally _____ from adolescence through emerging adulthood.

declines

6

From childhood to adolescence, individuals view God in these ways:

-Childhood Example 1: children are seeing religion externally (they go to church) & Example 2: children are seeing religion concretely.
-Adolescence Example 1: seeing religion internally (can articulate beliefs) & Example 2: seeing religion as abstract.

7

Have a traditional, conservative faith

Committed Traditionalists

8

Believe only in the parts of their faith that appeal to them. pick and choose. what am i going to follow and what am i not?

Selective Adherents

9

Believe in the existence of a God or “spiritual force,” but beyond this they are unsure in their beliefs.

Spiritually open

10

Religiously Indifferent/Hostile

Indifferent:
Have no opinion / Do not think about religion
Agnostics: I dont’ know if God exists.
Atheists: I don’t believe in any God.
Hostile:
Anti-religious- religion is bad

11

Most emerging adults are in the __________ category

Selective adherents

12

Religions typically contain guidelines for ______ such as ___, ____, and ____.

socialization such as codes for behavior, roles, and sources of meaning.

13

Synthetic-Conventional Faith:

Faith is largely conformist
Example: You haven’t thought about it too much. conforming to what parents say and friends think.

Integrate ideas into a single system of beliefs
Example: I am christian, and here are some things about christian beliefs.

14

Individual-Reflective Faith:

Explore beliefs, incorporate personal experiences, develop individualized faith

Two Possible Outcomes:
-I’m rejecting catholicism. I’m no longer catholic
-I stick with this. It makes sense. I truly believe this.

15

Critique of theory:

Fowler’s theory of Religious Development is based on American majority culture & individualistic values.