Chapter 4 Poultry Product in Thailand Flashcards Preview

Animal Science > Chapter 4 Poultry Product in Thailand > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Poultry Product in Thailand Deck (58)
Loading flashcards...
1

Big Challenges in Poultry Industry

Temperature
Lack of Resources
Environmental Condition
Low Level Genetics

2

Chicken Products

Broiler: dominate 50% national production, cooked meat 95% export
Laying hens: Domestic consumption, the export will happen due to the over production.
Native Chicken: Domestic Consumption

3

Native Chicken Facts

- No pure native chicken
- The available one is crossbreed and C-Chicken

4

C-Chicken

The male laying hens

5

Industry Chain

Crossbreed pure blood line > grand parents seedstock > produce parents > produce commercial broilers

6

Pure Blood Line

Perkawinan sedarah yang menghasilkan fenotif anak sama persis dengan induk

7

Evaporating Cooling System

Specific housing design making the artificial environment for better chicken production

8

Egg

consist of: cell, albument, yolk

9

Lyzozyme

The protein that can be defensing agent for pathogens in albumens

10

Lecithin / phosphatidyl choline

for nerve, brain, cell membrane, (in yolk)

for emulsifier (mixing lipid and water)

11

HAUGH UNIT EQUATION

HU = 100 x log (H+7.57-1.7 W (pangkat 0.37))

12

Humerus

Numatic bone inside only air connected to the air sac, then the air going to lung

13

Femur & Tibia

Calcium bank for egg cell production ( CaCO3)

14

Bone

- High minerals > make it strong but light
- Straight backbone to protect for falling down

15

Eyes

Need enough light for stimulating brain reproducing sex hormones and organs.

180° range of sight

Sensitive for red, yellow, and orange color

16

Muscle

White: breast
Red: food, high hemoglobin, high level of fat

17

Brain

Stupid
Can't detect smell well
Optic loop developed well

18

Respiratory System

✓ Oxygen capturing process
✓ High metabolism rate
✓ Lung is compact tissue
✓ Everything is efficient!

19

Air Sac & Lung

• Abdominal Air Sac
• Posterior & Anterior Thoracic Air Sac
• Humerus Air Sac
• Interclavicular air sac

20

Urinary

No urinary bladder
Pipis + eek satu lubang
Reabsorbing water so well

21

Reproductive

Female: only left ovary and oviduct, sexual hole is in the same hole with telek

Male: Low development of of penis, only have internal penis

22

Internal Testis

it is required super warm condition (42-43°C), compare to human only 37°C

23

Poultry Products

Meat, Egg, Feather, Skin

24

Breeding Plan

Pure Blood Line
Crossbreed
Commercial

25

Pure Blood Line

AA BB CC

26

Crossbreed

AB BC

27

Commercial Breed

AB*BC

28

Incubation Process

Total days: 21 days
7 days: differentiation
7 days: growth
5 days: maturation
(19 days under temp of 100°F)
2 days: hatchery


29

Age and Temperature

The first age needs 32°C, then gradually decrease until 20°C

30

Brooding

Masa pengeraman pasca menetas

one cage 500 chickens

31

Brooding Behavior

1. too hot (separately stick into the outer line of the cage)

2. too low (gathered to the center)

3. draught (gathered to one part in outer line of the cage)

4. suitable ( spread throughout the cage)

32

Open house

using natural ventilation

33

Fogging System

uncommon in SEA

34

Evaporating Cooling Systems

Negative pressure inside, because it is carried out by fan

35

Close system housing

no fan, using light (lamp)

36

Growing Age in Laying Hens

1-17 weeks

37

Lying Age

18-60/80/70

38

The needs for growing stage

5.6 kg (1-17 weeks)
with body weight only 1.4 kg

39

The needs for lying stage

Egg weight: 60-70g (after reach 32 weeks)

Number of eggs: 250-260 eggs in 60 weeks

Feed: 107 gr/ day

40

Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR)

"How much feed (kg) needed to produce 1kg product"

41

Normal FCR Conversion

20-60 weeks age

2.02 - 2.07 kg to be converted into 1 kg chicken

42

Growing Space Recommendation

• Cage: high cost, high density, narrow space

• Floor: low cost, low density, need wide space

43

Brooding Temperature

• Cage: lower temp, less electricity

• Floor: higher temp, more electricity

44

Break Trimming

Only for laying hens to prevent cannibalism

45

Laying Hens Water Need

Age 1 week : 0.8 - 1.1 liter / 100 chicken

Age 16-20 weeks: 7.2 - 15.2 liter/ 100 ch

Age over 25 weeks: 15.2-20.8 liter/ 100 ch

46

Egg and Body Weight in the Peak Condition

Egg: 60 - 70 gr/ butir ; age 32 and over

Body: 1.4 kg to 2.0 kg ; age >17 weeks

47

Broiler Phase of Production
(Based on Strain Recommendation)

1. Starter: 1-21 days (1-3 weeks)
2. Grower: 22-42 days (4-6 weeks)
3. Finisher: 43-49 days ( 6-7 weeks)

48

Moisture for Broiler

60 - 70%

Higher: die
Lower: dehydration and aggressive

49

Temperature for Broiler

32°C for beginning, gradually decrease until 20°C

50

Stock Density

2.27 (~2.2 kg) * 12.7 chickens > 1 m2

Gampangnya: dalam satu.kandang ukuran 1 meter persegi, ayam yang ada didalam harus sejumlah 12 ekor dengan berat rata-rata masing-masing ~2.2 kg.

51

Broiler Feed

Mash Form : so cheap for layers in lying stage

Pellet Form: for gradually eating after starter

Crumb Form: expensive, good nutrition for starter.

52

Broiler Feder Model

Bell : 8 drinkers (diameter 40 cm) / 1000 chickens

Nipple: 83 nipples/ 1000 chickens or 9-12 birds/ nipple

53

Broiler Water Quality

sodium: 50 ppm/ mmHg

pH: ~6.5

Volume: 2x feed

54

Broiler Light Needs

s.d 2.5 kg : age 0-8 days (23 light, 1 dark); age 8-3 days before slaughter (20 light, 4 dark)

diatas 2.5 kg.: age 0-8 days (23 light, 1 dark); age 8-3 days before slaughter (18 light, 6 dark)

55

Discase Exposure

No trees around, for preventing the avian flu.

56

Bedding

harus sehat, gak berjamur, gak ada patogen

57

Uniformity

CV% lower than 10% (Coefficient of Valience)

semakin rendah, semakin seragam, semakin baik

58

Why must uniform?

- to make easier for monitoring
- easier to predict the growth
- easier to sell