Chapter 6 Pasture for Ruminant in Thailand Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Pasture for Ruminant in Thailand Deck (27)
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1

Pasture

Big land

2

Feed for Ruminant

1. Roughage (forage and crop residue)
2. Supplement
3. TMR (Total Mix Ratio)

3

Importance of Pasture

Increase quality and quantity
Easy to harvest
Decrease weed and increase soil fertility
Reduce erosion
Seed production and fresh grass sale

4

Process of Seed Production

Harvesting > Cleaning > Germination > Packing > Selling

5

Process of Seed Production

Harvesting > Cleaning > Germination > Packing > Selling

6

Tropical Pasture Species

1. Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum)
2. Pangola Grass ( Digitaria decumbens, Digitaria erianta)
3. Ruzi Grass ( Brachiaria ruziziensis)

7

Tropical Legumes Species

1. Lablab purpureus
2. Leucaena leucocepala
3. Centrosema pascuorum
4. Centrosema pubescens
5. Vigna vaginalis

8

How to plant

Stem cutting, stolons, and rooted tiller

9

Planting from seed (Selection)

The seed must be cleaned 🐩( no pathogens, no contamination from other plants' seed, no immature seed)

The seed must be able to germinate

10

Planting from Seed (Land Preparation)

1. Sow in fine and firm seedbed
2. Sow the seeds just under the surface of the soil (1-2 cm depth)

11

Planting Timing

At the beginning of rainy season ( May-July)

Plant spacing for seed production must be wider than planting forage

12

Planting Method

Broadcasting
Drilling or planting in rows

legume seed must be soaked in warm water (70-80°C) before planting for breaking dormancy time

13

Capacity of Seed per Rai

2kg of grass seed per rai

4kg of legumes seed per rai

14

Vegetative Planting

Dicublekke!

15

Protein Best Contain

4 weeks old

16

Young grass or old grass?

Young grass is digestible.

But old grass has more fiber, longer to digest.

17

Good Quality of Grass

1. Palatable
2. Digestibel
3. High protein

18

Palatability

Taste good, and feel good

19

Digestibility

Depends on the fiber level
less fiber more digestible

20

High Protein

Support growth massively
Help microbial protein to digest the feed
Eat more protein, grow faster

21

Forage Cutting Time

umur 35-45 hari

22

Quality Improvement

1. Urea and manure application
2. Legume mix ( mix pasture, sole legumes)

23

Tropical Forage Utilization

1. Cut and Carry System
2. Grazing Systems
3. Pasture Conservation

24

Defoliation

cut the root get all parts for cattle

25

Feeding Cutting System

Harvested then bring back to the farm

26

Grazing System

Rotational Grazing
Strip Grazing

27

Hay

Hay (Jerami)
Good quality:
✓ 15% moisture
✓ Looks green and smell good
✓ Plenty of leave ( no much stalk), less weeds