Chapter 4 - The Greeks before History Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 - The Greeks before History Deck (23):
1

Middle/Late Bronze Age

(2300-1200) - ivasion, indo Europeans came, fire wiped everything out
-consolidation of who was left on Crete

2

Cnossus

capital of Minoan civilization on Crete

3

minotaur

born from minos' wife, had blls head and human body. Labyrinth houses minotaur because he eats people

4

secondary sources

like Thucydides writings from 5th century about earlier events

5

second palace period

bigger and better palaces, built after earthquakes on Crete

6

linear A

a writing system that uses lines; organized supplies in palaces
-ONLY ON CRETE

7

redistributive centers

goods were kept there and apportioned out according to need
-command economy

8

command economy

only wheat on this hill, only olives on that one, according to gov't.
-similar base to communism/socialism

9

Thalassocracy

"rule of Sea" - Thucydides described Mycenaeans; no fortification for palaces; ruled and protected through Nacy.
-Thalass = sea, -ocracy = rule/power

10

Akrotiri

archeological site, preserved by colvanic ash, Minoan Pompeii, non-Cretan palace
~1500 BC Mycenaeans began to thrive on mainland Greece and then eradicates Minoans

11

Grave Circle A

grave circle filled with artifacts, bronze weapons, gold pots ~1650 BC. Shaft graves bury people deeply, head first and vertically.
-FIRST EXCAVATION OF MYCENAEANS and they're graves!

12

Heinrich Schleimann

found shaft graves from reading Homer, found Troy, found mask of Agamemnon

13

Late Bronze Age

when Mycenaean was in full afect

14

Pylos

on Peloponnese, have tholos tombs; like beehives
-"tholos" = spear, circular, above ground tomn
-most linear B tablets; Michael Ventris deciphered linear B as syllabary Greek

15

syllabary

pictogram that represents a syllable or two or four

16

wanakes

from linear B, transferred to Homeric writings; "kings/Lord" the powers that be

17

Ahhiyawa

"achaea" in Hittite (Turkey). Was actually Trojan Empire; trading partners. "Archaea = Greece"

18

Sea peoples

don't know what they did, but Bronze Age ended abruptly

19

Philisintes

in Hebrew bible - Greek, from Crete, settle in Israel; fought Jews

20

secondary products revolution

a shift towards raising animals for traction, milk and wool rather than for meat

21

House of Tiles

monuments with bigger/better houses; clay roof tiles, 40 x 80 ft; designs in walls

22

fertile crescent

in Mesopotamia was birth place of agriculture; Modern day Middle East

23

Lerna

City housing House of Tiles 2500 BC; many storage, admin centers, wooden doors and stairs, clay pots/lamps, earliest non domestic structure in Greece