Flashcards in Chapter 4 - The Greeks before History Deck (23):
Middle/Late Bronze Age
(2300-1200) - ivasion, indo Europeans came, fire wiped everything out
-consolidation of who was left on Crete
capital of Minoan civilization on Crete
born from minos' wife, had blls head and human body. Labyrinth houses minotaur because he eats people
like Thucydides writings from 5th century about earlier events
second palace period
bigger and better palaces, built after earthquakes on Crete
a writing system that uses lines; organized supplies in palaces
-ONLY ON CRETE
goods were kept there and apportioned out according to need
only wheat on this hill, only olives on that one, according to gov't.
-similar base to communism/socialism
"rule of Sea" - Thucydides described Mycenaeans; no fortification for palaces; ruled and protected through Nacy.
-Thalass = sea, -ocracy = rule/power
archeological site, preserved by colvanic ash, Minoan Pompeii, non-Cretan palace
~1500 BC Mycenaeans began to thrive on mainland Greece and then eradicates Minoans
Grave Circle A
grave circle filled with artifacts, bronze weapons, gold pots ~1650 BC. Shaft graves bury people deeply, head first and vertically.
-FIRST EXCAVATION OF MYCENAEANS and they're graves!
found shaft graves from reading Homer, found Troy, found mask of Agamemnon
Late Bronze Age
when Mycenaean was in full afect
on Peloponnese, have tholos tombs; like beehives
-"tholos" = spear, circular, above ground tomn
-most linear B tablets; Michael Ventris deciphered linear B as syllabary Greek
pictogram that represents a syllable or two or four
from linear B, transferred to Homeric writings; "kings/Lord" the powers that be
"achaea" in Hittite (Turkey). Was actually Trojan Empire; trading partners. "Archaea = Greece"
don't know what they did, but Bronze Age ended abruptly
in Hebrew bible - Greek, from Crete, settle in Israel; fought Jews
secondary products revolution
a shift towards raising animals for traction, milk and wool rather than for meat
House of Tiles
monuments with bigger/better houses; clay roof tiles, 40 x 80 ft; designs in walls
in Mesopotamia was birth place of agriculture; Modern day Middle East