Chapter 5 - The Dark Age Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - The Dark Age Deck (12):
1

Assyria

dominant Iraq/Iran Empire = Syria.
-Violent, started many wars; people are close to Hittites
-Assyrians come forward in dark age
-First and more dominant civilization to emerge ~1050 BC proto-geometric period

2

Lefkandi

town on island, Euboea, off mainland Greece; had impressive house with burial in basement; burial has burnt male (in urn) and woman buried normally - maybe woman was a sacrifice to man that is a hero; gold things in burial 1000 years old form Near East

3

Protogeometric

highly abstract style of pottery preceded more linear geometric style that appeared 900 BC
-characterized by cicrles/semi circles drawn by multiple compass that produces several lines at the same time -used for dating

4

basileus

leading man in each community; wealthy oversees smaller community
-mean "king" but, not like Minoan/Mycenaean like a chief;
In Homer, major leaders are called "basileus", sometimes wanakes

5

Olympia

west Greece, site of Olympic games

6

pithekoussai

"ape island" first Greek, Western Mediterranean colony used for trade in late Dark Ages
-Colonies were overflow of people sent to live elsewhere to make more room
-~8 - 700 BC is Renaissance
-Phoenicians lived alongside Greeks; Phoenicia was top dog, sent out colonies as well

7

Messenia

Territory that lies wast of Sparta, annexed by Sparta, enslaved

8

Dike

means justice, in Hesiods' Works and Days;
-Describes beginning of egalitarian society and how basileus are not following dike

9

hekatompeda

Hundred foot temples, built from stone
-~ 800 BC later built in marble - known temples. -Houses for gods' images.
Renewed emphasis in religion separating social power form religion; gods are distinct from kings.
-Burials no longer have wealth, temples have communal sacrifice of wealth.

10

Late Geometric Style

(750 - 700 BC) - show humans in battles and at funerals

11

Greek alphabet

-greatest cultural innovation, disappeared after 1200 BC,
-biggest difference from earler systems is that its not syllabary
-Phonetic languages took over, adapted Phoenician syllabary

12

West Semitic writing

syllabary - Hebrew, Phoenician, Syrian languages