Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

AP Biology > Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System Deck (20):
1

Hormone:Oxytocin
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Peptide]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells]
Regulated by: [Nervous system]

2

Hormone: Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Peptide]
Representatative Actions: [Promotes retention of water by kidneys]
Regulated by: [Water/Salt balance]

3

Hormone: Growth Hormone (GH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Protein]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates growth(especially bones) and metabolic functions]
Regulated by: [Hypothalamic hormones]

4

Hormone: Prolactin (PRL)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Protein]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates milk production and secretion]
Regulated by: [Hypothalamic hormones]

5

Hormone: Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Glycoprotein]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates production of ova and sperm]
Regulated by: [Hypothalamic hormones]

6

Hormone: Luteinizing hormone
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Glycoprotein]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates ovaries and testes]
Regulated by: [Hypothalamic hormones]

7

Hormone: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Glycoprotein]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates thyroid gland]
Regulated by: [thyroxine in blood; hypothalamic hormones]

8

Hormone: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Peptide]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids]
Regulated by: [Glucocorticoids; hypothalamic hormones]

9

Hormone: Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Amine]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulate and maintain metabolic processes]
Regulated by: [TSH- thyroid stimulating hormone]

10

Hormone: Calcitonin
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Peptide]
Representatative Actions: [Lowers blood calcium level]
Regulated by: [Calcium in blood]

11

Hormone:Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Peptide]
Representatative Actions: [Raises blood calcium level]
Regulated by: [Calcium in blood]

12

Hormone: Insulin
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Protein]
Representatative Actions: [Lowers blood glucose level]
Regulated by: [Glucose in blood]

13

Hormone: Glucagon
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Protein]
Representatative Actions: [Raises blood glucose level]
Regulated by: [Glucose in blood]

14

Hormone: Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Amine]
Representatative Actions: [Raises blood glucose level; increases metabolic activities; constricts certain blood vessels]
Regulated by: [Nervous system]

15

Hormone: Glucocorticoids
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Steroids]
Representatative Actions: [Raises blood glucose level]
Regulated by: [ACTH- Adrenocorticotropic hormone]

16

Hormone: Mineralocorticoids
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Steroid]
Representatative Actions: [Promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys]
Regulated by: [K+ in blood]

17

Hormone:Androgens
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Steroid]
Representatative Actions: [Support sperm formation; promote developmet and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics]
Regulated by: [FSH- Follicle Stimulating Hormone and LH- Luteinizing Hormone]

18

Hormone: Estrogens
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Steroid]
Representatative Actions: [Stimulate utering lining growth; promote development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics]
Regulated by: [FSH- Follicle Stimulating Hormone and LH- Luteinizing Hormone]

19

Hormone: Progesterone
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Steroid]
Representatative Actions: [Promotes uterine lining growth]
Regulated by: [FSH- Follicle Stimulating Hormone and LH- Luteinizing Hormone]

20

Hormone: Melatonin
Chemical Class: [?]
Representatative Actions: [?]
Regulated by: [?]

Chemical Class: [Amine]
Representatative Actions: [Involved in biological rythms]
Regulated by: [Light/Dark cycles]