Chapter 49 Med Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 49 Med Terms Deck (30)
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1

Loss of voluntary ability to control fecal and gaseous discharges through the anal sphincter

Bowel incontinence or fecal incontinence

2

An agent that promotes the passage of flatus from the colon

Carminatives

3

Drugs that induce defection

Cathartics

4

Contents of the colon

Chyme

5

A temporary or permanent opening into the colon (large bowel) to divert and drain fecal material

Colostomy

6

A portable chair with a toilet seat and a receptacle underneath that can be emptied; often used for adult client who is able to get out of bed but is unable to walk to the bathroom

Commode

7

Passage of small, dry, hard stool or passage of no stool for a period of time

Constipation

8

Expulsion of feces from the anus and rectum

Defecation

9

Defecation of liquid feces and increased frequency of defecation

Diarrhea

10

Used most often as a treatment for constipation, it distended the intestine and sometimes irritates the intestinal mucosa, thereby increasing peristalsis and the excretion of feces and flatus

Enema

11

A mass or collection of hardened, putty- like feces in the folds of the rectum

Fecal impaction

12

Excreted waste products; also called stool

Feces or stool

13

The presence of excessive amounts of gas in the stomach or intestines

Flatulence

14

Gas or air present in the stomach or intestines

Flatus

15

Increased peristalsis of the colon after food has entered the stomach

Gastrocolic reflex

16

An opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach

Gastronomy

17

Pouches that form in the large intestine when the longitudinal muscles are shorter than the colon

Haustra

18

(Shuffling) movement of the chyme back and forth within the haustra in the large intestine

Haustral churning

19

Distended veins in the rectum

Hemorrhoids

20

A colostomy that generally empties from the distal end of the small intestine

Ileostomy

21

The act of taking in food or medication

Ingestion

22

A tube that is placed surgically or by laparoscopy through the abdominal wall into the jejunum for long term nutritional support

Jejunostomy

23

Medications that stimulate bowel activity and assist feces elimination

Laxatives

24

Involves a wave of powerful muscular contraction that moves over large areas of the colon; usually occurs after eating

Mass peristalsis

25

The first fecal material passed by a newborn, normally up to 24 hours after birth

Meconium

26

An opening on the abdominal wall for the elimination of feces or Urine

Ostomy

27

Wavelike movements produced by circular and longitudinal muscle fibers of the intestinal walls; the movement propels the intestinal contents onward

Peristalsis

28

An opening created in the abdominal wall by and ostomy

Stoma

29

Solid, cone-shaped, medicated substances inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra

Suppository

30

A receptacle for urine and feces

Bedpan