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Flashcards in Unit 6 Med Terms Deck (28)
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1

peripheral venipuncture site; aka antecubital vein; superficial vein in the arm

is located in the superficial fascia along the anterolateral surface of the biceps brachii muscle

cephalic vein

2

ions that carry a negative charge; includes chlorine, bicarbonate, phosphate, and sulfate

Anions

3

fluid found outside the body cells

Extracellular fluid (ECF)

4

fluid found within the body cells; also called cellular fluid

Intracellular fluid (ICF)

5

an excess of potassium in the blood plasma

Hyperkalemia

6

deficiency of potassium in the blood plasma

Hypokalemia

7

an excess of sodium in the blood plasma

Hypernatremia

8

deficiency of sodium in the blood plasma

Hyponatremia

9

a long venous catheter inserted in an arm vein and extending into the distal third of the superior vena cava

Peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC)

10

catheter that is usually inserted into the subclavian or jugular vein, with the distal tip of the catheter resting in the superior vena cava just above the right atrium

Central venous catheter

11

needles with plastic flaps attached to the shaft are sometimes used. The flaps are held tightly together ti hold the needle securely during insertion; after insertion, they are flattened against the skin and secured with tape.
Most frequently used for short term therapy such as single dos therapy , IV push medications, or blood sample retrieval

Butterfly needle

12

peripheral venipuncture site;

It originates on the medial (ulnar) side of the dorsal venous network of the hand and travels up the base of the forearm, where its course is generally visible through the skin as it travels in the subcutaneous fat and fascia lying superficial to the muscles

basilic vein

13

Tubing used for pediatrics. Has a little needle in drip chamber. 60 drop/mL

microdrip tubing

14

Tubing with no needle. Drops- whatever you set it as.

macrodrip tubing

15

a method of administering a medication mixed in a small amount of IV solution (50mL or 100 mL)

tandem or piggy back

intermittent infusion device

16

solutions that have the same osmolality as body fluids.

isotonic

17

solutions that have a higher osmolality than body fluids

hypertonic

18

solutions that have a lower osmolality than body fluids

hypotonic

19

ions that carry a positive charge; includes sodium( NA +), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca+), and magnesium (MG2+)

cations

20

Occurs when the tip of an IV is outside the vein and the fluid is entering the tissues instead.

Infiltration

21

The blockage or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ.

Occlusion

22

Is the intravenous administration of an undiluted drug directly into the systemic circulation. Also known as Intravenous Push (IV Push)

Bolus

23

A secondary IV setup that connects a second container to the tubing of a primary container at the upper port; used solely for intermittent drug administration.

Piggyback

24

Not compatible; unable to exist together in harmony

Incompatibility

25

The number of drops that equal 1 mL as specified on the package of IV tubing.

Drop Factor

26

An IV tubing that can be connected to primary tubing that can be piggyback tubing to administer that. Just tubing

Administration Set

27

Common venipuncture sites. The ulna and radius act as natural splints at this site and the client has greater freedom of arm movement for activities.

Metacarpal Veins

28

inflammation of the vein
Mechanical ___- caused by too large of a catheter in a small vein causing irritation of the vein
Chemical __- occurs when the vein becomes inflamed by irritating or vesicant solutions or medication
Bacterial __- inflammation of the vein and a bacterial insertion, which can be caused by poor aseptic technique during insertion

Phelbitis