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Flashcards in chapter 5 Deck (110)
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1

rules that embody standards of behavior to which members of an organization are expected to conform.

Ethics

2

(1) penalty or punishment imposed for unacceptable conduct (2) permission or approval

sanction

3

A state bar association to which an attorney must belong in order to practice law in the state.

integrated bar association

4

the process by which individuals or institutions list their names on a roster kept by an agency of government or by a nongovernmental organization.

registration

5

a partnership consisting of attorneys and nonlegal professionals that offers legal and nonlegal services

multidisciplinary practice (MDP)

6

rules and guidelines covering ethical issues involving paralegals

paralegal code

7

using the knowledge and skill that are reasonably necessary to represent a particular client

competent

8

a clinical program in which students work on real cases under attorney supervision.

clinical education

9

a law stating that civil or criminal actions are barred if not brought within a specified period of time.

statute of limitations

10

causing delay, usually without merit or justification

dilatory

11

a bar association list of the lowest fees an attorney can charge for specific kinds of legal service

minimum fee schedule

12

a fee that is paid only if the case is successfully resolved by litigation or settlement. Also referred to a contingency fees.

contingent fee

13

a single client bill covering the fees of two or more attorneys who are not in the same firm. also called fee sharing.

fee splitting

14

a fee received by one attorney from another to whom the first attorney referred a client. also called a referral fee

forwarding fee

15

a maximum amount or maximum percentage that can be charged as a fee in particular kinds of cases

fee cap

16

a fee that an attorney can collect for the nonclerical work of his or her paralegal on a client case.

paralegal fee

17

a case applying a special statute that gives a judge authority to order the losing party to pay the winning partys attorney and paralegal fees.

statutory fee case

18

grouping multiple tasks under a single time charge rather than describing each task separately and assigning the actual time associated with each task.

block billing

19

existing or occuring in the same period of time: pertaining to records that are prepared on events as they are occurring or shortly thereafter.

contemporaneous

20

fraudulently charging a client twice for the same service

double billing

21

adding something without justification; adding unnecessary material in order to make something larger.

padding

22

inflating a clients bill by charging for time that was not spent

time padding

23

inflating a clients bill by charging for tasks that were not needed.

task padding

24

a minimum number of hours expected from a timekeeper on client matters that can be charged to clients per week, month, year or other time period

billable hours quota

25

an employee who can quit or be terminated at any time for any reason; an employee who has no union or other contract protection.

at will employee

26

a fund (often run by a bar association or foundation) used to compensate victims of designated kinds of attorney misconduct

client security fund

27

a clause stating that you saw (witnessed)someone sign a document or perform other tasks related to the validity of the document.

attestation clause

28

improperly using material, nonpublic information to trade in the shares of a company.

insider conflict

29

software that has been placed (loaded)in a computer that is not authorized by the terms of the purchase or lease of the software.

pirated software

30

a tort with the following elements (1) to initiate or procure the initiation of civil or criminal legal proceedings (2)without probable cause (3) with malice or an improper purpose (4)the proceedings terminate in favor of the person against whom the proceedings were brought

malicious prosecution