Chapter 13 Computers Flashcards Preview

legal terms > Chapter 13 Computers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Computers Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...
1

the physical equipment of a computer system

hardware

2

a computer program that tells or instructs the hardware what to do.

Software

3

the system that tells the computer how to operate. it is the master or central software program that the hardware and all other software depends on to function.

Operating System

4

Turning on or restarting the computer, and loading the operating system

Booting up

5

The marker or pointer on the screen that indicates where the next letter or other character will be displayed on the screen.

Cursor

6

a handheld input device that moves the cursor by rolling, clicking and dragging motions

Mouse

7

the ability of a computer to receive information for the user talking into a microphone

Speech recognition

8

an input device that converts text images into an electronic or digital format that a computer can recognize.

Scanner

9

the process by which a scanner digitizes text or images

imaging

10

a computer program that performs specific tasks directly for the consumer or end user.

Applications software

11

a file format consisting of an electronic image of a document that preserves the features or elements of the document (e.g., line spacing, photographs, font size) that existed before it was converted into a digital document.

PDF (Portable Document Format)

12

the part of the computer that controls all of its parts.

CPU- Central processing unit

13

the internal storage capacity of a computer

memory

14

memory that stores data that cannot be altered, removed or added to. The data can be read only.

ROM (read only memory)

15

memory that stores temporary data that are erased (unless properly saved) whenever the computer power is turned off.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

16

the storage equivalent of one space or character of the alphabet typed into a computer.

Byte

17

able to read data on a device and to write or insert additional data into it

Read/write

18

able to read data on a device but not to alter, remove or add to the data

Read only

19

A compact disk that stores data in a digital format

CD-ROM (compact disk read only memory)

20

a drive that can read data on a dvd disk.

DVD Drive (Digital versatile disk)

21

an * that stands for one character within a term you are searching in Westlaw or Lexis Nexis

Universal character

22

an ! that stands for one or more characters added to the root as a term you are searching in Westlaw or Lexis Nexis.

Root expander

23

a special character that can be used to represent one or more characters in search query.

Wildcard

24

A portion of a document in Westlaw that can be separately searched

Field

25

a portion of a field in Lexis Nexis that can be separately searched.

Segment

26

a search of every word used in every document in a database.

Full text search

27

application software used to help a law office maintain control over its appointments and deadlines.

Case Management

28

a system of linking into the knowledge base of a law office embodied into the document generated by all of the cases it has handled so that it can better meet the needs of current and prospective clients. A productivity tool for capturing and reusing knowledge.

knowledge management

29

a question that is used to try to find something in a computer database.

Query

30

Plain english as spoken or written everyday as opposed to language designed for computer communications.

Natural Language