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Why my Derk dance was created?

Revolt again contemporary ballet


Where is began

Germany and America


19th century movement theorist

Delsarte & jaques-Dalcroze



Developed a system of categorizing movement and excessive to enhance freedom and relaxation.


Deal rose

Created a system of improving expressiveness and musically & " eurythmics " ( music visualization )


Pioneers and forerunners

Isador Duncan
Loie Fuller
Ruth st. Denis
Ted Shaw (Denishawn high school )
Rudolf Von Laban


Characteristics of modern dance

Body and limbs free, often barefoot , bare legs, flexed feet, parallel feet vs. turned out.

Inspired by emotional states, connecting with nature, expressiveness (trees, ocean )
Striped all dance of previous dance techniques
Often wore tunics
Lack of storyline and characterization


Isadora Duncan

Mother of modern dance
Trained in ballet
Inspired by movement of trees and ocean,
"Duncan style "


Loie Fuller

First dance to strip corset and shoes
Focused on shifting play of colors and lights on costumes ( constant movement in arms)
Achieved fame in Paris
Very emotional , inspired by technology and science


Rudolf Von Laban

Germany , devised system of analyzing and notating dances and all movement
Spearheaded dance form
Influence by physical culture of humanity , believed dance reflected ordinary life.


Ruth st. Denis, Ted Shawn (Denishawn )

Incorporated ethnic dance forms , large cast , elaborate costumes and sets,

Influenced heavily by Egyptian culture
Purpose of school : educate dancers mind body spirit.
Studied Delsarte's gestures and movement analysis
Adapted to where they performed.



Created new audience for modern dance in US
music visualization
Used American composers and folk music
Brought men to modern dance ( respect masculinity)


Modern dance

Desire to return t expressive motivations for dance

"New and old dance"

Based on natural and spontaneous movement


Martha Graham

Devised system of muscular tension and relaxation ( contraction and release)
Ritual in culture, religion, history , Greek tragedy , psyche.
Most danced centered around psychological themes, symbolism


Characteristics of Martha Graham

Codified syllabus
Spasm and resistance and fear into themes
Modern composers
Straight legs and relaxed hands
Symbolic props and sets
First choreographer to use minority's regularly in her company


Dorris Humphrey

Started school with Charles Weidman after leaving Denishawn
Devised system of fall and recovery , based on body's natural reaction to gravity
Group dynamics and music visualization
Wrote book "art of ma,I got dances"
Known for her Duncan-esque lyricism and dealing with human relation ships

Choreographed: water study, air for a g string, the shakers


Charles Weidman

Helped develop Humphrey - Weidman school
Known for dramatic and numerous character dance studies / on,meets of human life

Choreographed: lynchtown, flickers, Weidman


Lester Horton

Developed system of technique that emphasized strong , fluid torso and ease of movement.
Pieces often dealt with social problems


Mary Wingman

Student of Laban
Struggled in her works
First choreographer to perform to silences or add music after cheer graphs was complete.


Hanna Holm

Student of wingman and Laban
First modern choreographer to find success is choreographing Broadway musicals


Post modern movement

Began in late 1940's - 1970's
Use of traditional forms in new ways
Fusion periods
Use of irony
Visual metaphors became I,portent in storylines
Mix genres
Spontaneous and improvisational


Merce Cuningham

Student of Martha Graham
Most influential post modern choreographer
Focused on torso , spine, limbs
"Movement for movements sake "
Developed " chance dance " semi improvisational


Joes Limon

Considered greatest American dancer in his field
Style : dramatic, versatile, abstract, lyrical
Created own style and aesthetic for dance at Juliard


Alwin Nikolais

Student of Hanya Holm
Strong visual artist
Created stage environment using lighting costumes sets and music


Erik Hawkins

Husband and dance partner of Martha Graham,also dance with Balanchine
Used American literary and historical themes in works
Pre-cursor of spoken text dance
Used only 20th century composer


Paul Taylor

Worked with Graham , Cunningham, and Balanchine
Left Graham to start his own company
Characteristics: classical , repetition, limited number of steps, comedic gestures, use of pedestrian costuming


Trisha Brown

Began dancing with Judson dance theatre
Rejected society's. Conventions in dance
Performed j. Traditional and non traditional spaces
Gave dancers problems to solve who,e dancing


Twyla Tharp

"Stage mom"
Studied withCunningham and Taylor
Started her own company in 60's
Characteristics: constant motion and movement, formations appear and vanish quickly , complex phrasing with music, relaxed torso ,dynamic limbs, poker face

Choreographed: bakers dozen, moving out


Katherine Dunham

Classical trained in ballet
Traveled to west Africa and Haiti
Work consisted of Afro- Caribbean and modern movement
Articulated with torso and shoulder isolation
Opened Dunham school in NYC1945
"Mother of black dance"
Greatly influenced by jazz
Created own movement technique and vocal


Alvin Ailey

Student of lester Horton
Started company in 1950's aliv American dance forms theatre
Combined jazz and world ethnic dances
Goal was to make dance accessible to all audiences
Choreographed Revelations