Flashcards in Chapter 5 & 6 Deck (31)
What are the 3 steps in the accident prevention formula?
a.Be alert- never think that others won’t make mistakes
b.Be prepared- learn how to react in all cases
c.Act on Time- Don’t panic
What are 4 disturbances an angry driver may exhibit while driving?
a. Run stop signs/red lights
b. Flash high beams
c. Honk horns
d. Pass illegally on right
What are 5 ways of preventing highway hypnosis?
b. Rest before drive
c. Don’t drive long hours or late at night
d. Limit to 300-500 miles a day
e. Switch Drivers
List 4 factors the cause drowsy driving.
b.Driving long distances
c. Driving through the night
d. Taking medications
What does it mean to keep a safe space cushion?
All sides-area around car gives time to react
Stay in the middle of your lane
How can you communicate with other drivers?
○ Horn/Hand Signals
○ Tap brakes
○ Flash lights
○ Eye Contract
What should you do if someone is trying to pass you?
Slow down and allow them to pass
What is a good rule to use when it comes to following
The 3 second rule
What is the 3 second rule?
Fixed Object, car passes count 3 seconds, if under in too
Increase to 4 seconds on wet roads, increase to 6
seconds on snow
What is hydroplaning?
Lose contact with the road- Thin layer of water over the road.
You go airborne.
What are 3 night time driving tips?
a. Maintain steady speed
b. Ready to React
c. Brake at the right distance
What can you do to increase visibility during sun glare, frost and fog?
Uses sunglasses to reduce sun glare and don’t overdrive headlights, drive-in range,
Frost or Ice- Always scrap and wipe windows before starting, turn on defroster. If defroster doesn't work, stop car, close windows and let the heater warm up the windows
Fog- Drive slow, Headlights should be keep on low beam and turn on fog lights, use pavement markings and other vehicle lights can help as a guide.
What are 5 distractions?
What should you increase your following distance to on
4 seconds behind the car that's in front of you
What should you increase it too on snow covered roads?
Increase following distance to 6 seconds behind car
What months are you allowed to use studded snow
November 15 - April 1
Why is city driving more difficult?
There are more hazards that you need to be aware of such as Pedestrians and Traffic
What will a car tend to do in a curve?
Not stick to the road and keep going straight
What are the 4 steps in changing lanes?
1. Only pass or change lanes when necessary
2. Only pass or change lanes if the change can be completed without speeding
3. Keep safe following distance; don’t tailgate
4. Check traffic ahead and behind
Name three things that alcohol impairs?
1. Reaction Time
3 vision and ability to judge distance.
What does BAC stand for?
Blood Alcohol Concentration
What 4 factors determine BAC?
1. Weight of person
2. How much food that person has eaten.
3. Amount of alcohol consumed
What percentage are you presumed to be under the influence if you are over 21?
What % are you presumed under the influence if you are under 21?
If you drink .5% how many times greater are your chances of causing a crash?
How does large doses of alcohol affect your driving?
Impairs reaction time, coordination and balance.
1 can of beer is = to?
one glass of wine and 1 bottle of wine cooler.
What is the only way to recover from a high BAC?
List 3 things you may notice a drunk driver will do while driving?
1. Speeding/Slow driving
2. Weaving/Jerking motion
3. Quick stops