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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (16)
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1

Local Anesthetic Solutions

manufactured in single-use cartridges (carpules)
-1.8 of solution
-Articaine: 1.7mL of solution

2

Lidicaine

Xylocaine, alphacaine, octocaine

3

Mepivacaine

carbocaine, arestocaine, isocaine, polocaine

4

Articaine

Septocaine, Zorcaine, Articadent

5

Bupivacaine

Marcaine

6

Vasoconstrictor preservatives

-Sodium bisulfite
-Metabisulfite
-Acetone sodium bisulfite

7

Purposes of acetone sodium bisulfite

provides a prolonged shelf life via antioxidant properties.

8

Disadvantages of acetone sodium bisulfite

-Increased acidity of pH of anesthetic solution
-Potential for allergic reactions

9

Which anesthetic Agents are metabolized in the plasma by plasma cholinesterase?

Esters

10

Which anesthetic Agents is metabolized in the liver?

Amides

11

Short-acting anesthetics

-Approximately 30-minute duration
-Pulpal anesthesia
-No vasoconstrictor

12

Intermediate-acting Anesthetics

-Approximately 60-minute duration
-Pulpal anesthesia
-Does contain a vasoconstrictor

13

Long-acting anesthetics

-Approximately 90-minute duration
-Pulpal anesthesia
-Does contain a vasoconstrictor

14

When hemostasis control is needed

adrenergic vasoconstrictors offer considerable value to the selection of the anesthetic.

15

Higher doses of epinephrine are needed to produce

the vasoconstriction action of alpha receptors.

16

Procaine

-Ester of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
-No longer used in dentistry
-Used in medicine as an antiarrhythmic agent