Chapter 5: Drugs, Abbreviations, Conditions Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5: Drugs, Abbreviations, Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5: Drugs, Abbreviations, Conditions Deck (32):
1

below knee

BK

2

below elbow

BE

3

deep tendon reflexes

DTRs

4

electromyography

EMG

5

intramuscular

IM

6

muscular dystrophy

MD

7

musculoskeletal

MS

8

physical therapy

PT

9

range of motion

ROM

10

shoulder

sh

11

triceps jerk

TJ

12

weight

wt

13

________ drugs prevent or relieve rheumatism

antirheumatic

14

______ agents relieve the swelling, tenderness, redness, and pain of inflammation

anti-inflammatory

15

_______ relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness

analgesics

16

_______ used to treat painful muscle spasms that may result from strains, sprains, and musculoskeletal trauma or disease

relaxants

17

RICE

Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

18

a TWISTING of a JOINT that causes pain or disability

sprain

19

the excessive, forcible STRETCHING of a MUSCLE or musculotendinous

strain

20

_______ ________ is a term used to describe the muscles immediately surrounding the shoulder joint. They stabilize the shoulder joint while the entire arm is moved.

rotator cuff

21

the _________ is a partition that separates the chest and abdominal cavities.

diaphragm

22

active exercise

the patient contracts and relaxes muscles

23

assistive exercise

the patient contracts and relaxes muscles with the assistance of a therapist

24

isometric exercise

active muscular contraction preformed against stable resistance, thereby not shortening the muscle length

25

passive exercise

exercise is preformed by another individual without the assistance of the patient

26

range of motion exercise

movement of each joint through its full range of motion. Used to prevent loss of motility or to regain usage after an injury or fracture

27

relief of tension exercise

technique used to promote relaxation of the muscles and provide relief from tension

28

the medical term for lack of muscle tone

flaccid

29

a wide, thin, sheet like tendon that serves to attach muscle to bone or to other tissues

aponeurosis

30

is a protein found in muscle cells

dystrophin

31

smooth muscle is also called

visceral or unstriated

32

a band of fibrous connective tissue serving for the attachment of muscles to bones

tendon