Chapter 3: Skin Term, Conditions, and Signs Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 3: Skin Term, Conditions, and Signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: Skin Term, Conditions, and Signs Deck (31):
1

is a discolored spot on the skin; example: freckle

macule

2

is a solid, circumscribed, elevated area on the skin; example:pimple

papule

3

is a small, fluid filled sac; example: blister. A bulla is a large ________

vesicle

4

is a dry, serous or seropurulent, brown, yellow, red, or green exudation that is seen as secondary lesions; example: eczema

crust

5

is a thin, dry flake of cornified epithelial cells; example: psoriasis

scale

6

is a localized, evanescent elevation of the skin that is often accompanied by itching; example: urticaria

wheal

7

is a larger papule; example: acne

nodule

8

is a small, elevated, circumscribed lesion of the skin that is filled with pus; example: varicella (chickenpox)

pustule

9

_____ or ______ is an eating or gnawing away of tissue; examples: an open sore, decubitus ulcer

erosion, ulcer

10

is a cracklike sore or slit that extends through the epidermis into the dermis; example: athlete's foot

fissure

11

is the medical term for measles

rubeola

12

is an irregular tearing of a surface, especially the skin

laceration

13

is the removal of foreign material, dead or damaged tissue from a wound, especially from a severe burn

debridement

14

A _______ is an injury in which the skin is not broken but becomes discolored due to escape of fluid into subcutaneous tissue.

bruise

15

is the forcible tearing away of a body part or structure such as a finger, toe, foot, or hand

avulsion

16

means without decay, sterile, free from all living micro-organisms

asepsis

17

An ________ is a scraping away of skin or mucous membrane. It is a result of injury or caused by mechanical means.

abrasion

18

is the medical term for a wart

verruca

19

A _______ is an acute, painful nodule formed in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, a gland, or a hair follicle.

boil

20

A ________ is a pigmented, elevated spot above the surface of the skin. It is commonly called a mole.

nevus

21

A _________ is commonly called a blackhead

comedo

22

The separation or bursting open of a surgical would is called _______

dehiscence

23

the medical name for severe itching is called_____

pruritus

24

overgrowth of scar tissue due to excessive collagen formation is called a _______

keloid

25

_________ is an inflammatory skin disease marked by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

impetigo

26

________ is an acute or chronic inflammatory skin disease, often referred to as dermatitis

eczema

27

______ is the medical term for freckle

lentigo

28

_______is a medical term that literally means "an itching"

psoriasis

29

_________ is an infection of the skin or mucous membranes by yeast like fungi

moniliasis

30

_________ is a condition characterized by excessive growth of hair or the presence of hair in unusual places, especially women

hirsutism

31

______ is an inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles of the skin

acne