Chapter 8: Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: Endocrine System Deck (26):
1

the body's chemical messenger; transfers information and instructions from one set of cells to another

horomones

2

a group of cells that produces and secretes, or gives off, chemicals

gland

3

crin, crin/o

to secrete

4

aden, aden/o

gland

5

-betes

to go

6

ex

out, away from

7

pituitar

phlegm

8

essential for maintenance of a normal blood sugar level

insulin

9

polydipsia

excessive thirst

10

premature old age occurring in children

progeria

11

abnormally low blood glucose level

hypoglycemia

12

master gland of the body

pituitary

13

characterized by hyposecretion of cortisol

Addison's disease

14

disease characterized by polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia

diabetes mellitus

15

characterized by hypersecretion of cortisol

Cushing's disease

16

antidiuretic horomone (ADH) is also known as

vasopressin

17

oral _________ agents used to stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic cells

hypoglycemic

18

hyposecretion of the growth horomone

dwarfism

19

endocrine gland that helps control body pigmentation

pineal gland

20

substance acts on the mammary glands to stimulate release of milk, stimulates contractions, etc.

oxytocin

21

aids in promoting sleep

melatonin

22

surgical excision of the thyroid gland

thyroidectomy

23

helps maintain plasma calcium homeostasis

calcitonin

24

mucus swelling because of hypofunction of the thyroid gland

myxedema

25

hormone that increases systolic heart rate, dilates bronchial tubes and increases glycogenesis

epinephrine

26

collection of specialized cells that are located in the lower part of the brain

hypothalamus