Chapter 5 Medical Terminology and Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Medical Terminology and Anatomy and Physiology Deck (35)
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1

Abdominal quadrants

four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of pain or injury: the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the right lower quadrant (RLQ), and the left lower quadrant (LLQ).

2

Acetabulum

The pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint.

3

Acromioclavicular joint

The joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet

4

Acromion Process

The highest portion of the shoulder.

5

Alveoli

The microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstreams takes place.

6

Anatomical position

The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. In this position, the body is standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down at the sides and the palms of the hands forward.

7

Anatomy

The study of body structure

8

Anterior

The front of the body or body part.

9

Aorta

The largest artery in the body. It transports blood from the left ventricle to begin systemic circulation.

10

Appendix

a small tube located near the junction of the small and large intestines in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, the function of which is not well understood, its inflammation, called appendicitis, is a common cause of abdominal pain.

11

Arteriole

The smallest kind of artery.

12

Artery

Any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart.

13

Atria

the two upper chambers of the heart. There is a right atrium (Which receives unoxygenated blood returning from the body) and a left atrium ( which receives oxygenated blood returning from the lungs).

14

Automaticity

The ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own.

15

Autonomic nervous system

The division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions.

16

Bilateral

on both sides.

17

Bladder

The round sac-like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine.

18

Blood pressure

The pressure caused by blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels. Usually arterial blood pressure (the pressure in the artery) is measured. There are two types: diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure.

19

Brachial artery

Artery of the upper arm; the site of the pulse checking during infant CPR.

20

Bronchi

The two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs. There are right and left bronchi. Singular bronchus.

21

Calcaneus

The heel bone

22

Capillary

A thin-walled, microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells takes place.

23

Cardiac conduction system

A system of specialized muscle tissues that conduct electrical impulses that stimulate the heart beat.

24

Cardiac muscle

Specialized involuntary muscle found only in the heart.

25

Cardiovascular system

The system made up of the heart (cardio) and the blood vessels (vascular); the circulatory system. Sometimes called the circulatory system.

26

Carotid arteries

The large neck arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood from the heart to the head.

27

Carpals

The wrist bones

28

Central nervous system (CNS)

The brain and spinal cord.

29

Central pulses

The carotid and femoral pulses, which can be felt in the central part of the body.

30

Clavicle

The collarbone