Flashcards in Chapter 5 Positioning Apparatus Deck (81):
If the apparatus arrives at a location where no fire conditions are evident, where should the apparatus be positioned?
Near the main entrance to the occupancy
When arriving at a location with no fire conditions evident, which of the following is NOT a responsibility of the driver/operator?
A. Remain with the vehicle.
B. Enter the structure and investigate the situation.*
C. Prepare to pull attack hoselines if the need arises.
D. Prepare to make connections to the water supply or sprinkler/standpipe.
When arriving at a location with no fire conditions evident, which of the following is a responsibility of the fire company personnel?
Enter the structure and investigate the situation.
What is the first tactical priority at any fire incident?
Which of the following statements about positioning the apparatus is FALSE?
A. Always leave yourself a way out.
B. Choose an unpaved surface over a paved surface.*
C. Position uphill from the incident whenever possible.
D. Attempt to position the apparatus upwind of the incident.
What size is the collapse zone?
One and one-half times the height of the building
When positioning pumpers, which apparatus should have the optimum operating position?
Many departments use the "___" method to position pumpers.
If the building is less than five stories tall, ___ should position on the side of the street closest to the building.
If the building is higher than five stories, the ___ should position next to the building.
Pumpers providing water for elevated stream operations should position as close as possible to the:
When using a draft source, position the pumper at the:
water supply source.
T or F: Establish a relay if there is no water supply at the sprinkler or fire department connection.
When are drafting operations required?
When a pumper is going to be supplied from a static water supply
Which drafting sites should be given preference?
Those accessible from a paved surface
Which of the following is necessary when placing suction hose into the static water source?
A. Connect soft suction hose and strainer to the pumper
B. Attach a rope to the end of the strainer before putting it in the water*
C. Be sure that the strainer rests on the bottom of the water source during drafting
D. Tie a rope to the apparatus to hold the strainer on the bottom of the water source
Which type of jurisdiction usually installs dry hydrants at drafting sites?
Which of the following statements about dry hydrants is FALSE?
A. It includes an intake hose connection on the shore.
B. It has a length of pipe extending to the water supply source.
C. It has a strainer on the pipe extending into the water supply source.
D. It is often installed by the city water department.*
Historically, ___ hose has been used to connect a pumper to a fire hydrant.
What is the preferred type of hose for connection to a fire hydrant?
Large diameter intake hose
Large diameter intake hose usually comes in sections ___ feet (m) long.
10 to 50 feet (3 m to 15 m)
When making side intake connections, kinks can be minimized by putting:
two full twists in the hose.
When using front or rear intake connections, the vehicle should be aimed or angled in the direction of the hydrant; this angle should be ___ degrees or less.
How many people are required to make connection to the 2½-inch outlets?
Which of the following is a disadvantage of connecting to the 2½-inch outlets?
A. It is difficult to set up.
B. It creates rigidity in the hose.
C. It increases maneuvering time.
D. It limits the amount of water that can be supplied.*
When should connection to the 2½-inch outlets be used?
When maximum flow from a hydrant is not necessary
Which type of connection is easiest to set up?
2½-inch hydrant outlet connections
After life safety, what is the highest priority for most wildland fire fighting operations?
Protection of structures
The boundary between the wildland and structural development is often referred to as:
Many of the structures threatened by wildland fires are:
in large residential neighborhoods.
Most structures threatened by wildland fires are surrounded by:
dry, flammable vegetation.
In wildland, position apparatus ___ to avoid blocking other fire apparatus or evacuating vehicles.
off the roadway
In wildland, what should be done to avoid positioning in flammable vegetation?
Scrape away fuel
In wildland, position the apparatus on the ___ side of the structure to minimize exposure to heat and blowing embers.
In wildland, position the apparatus near (but not too close to) the structure so that:
hoselines can be kept short.
Which of the following is NOT a hazard when positioning for structural protection at a wildland/urban interface fire?
Underground fuel tanks
What should the driver/operator do during a wildland fire attack when operating the apparatus under conditions of reduced visibility?
Drive at a reduced speed.
In wildland, what should the driver/operator do to help locate and avoid obstacles such as logs, stumps, and rocks?
Assign a spotter to walk ahead of the vehicle.
Which of the following is NOT a safety guideline for spotters?
A. Wear visible clothing.
B. Carry a reliable handlight.
C. Stay within the driver's field of view at all times.
D. Remain in physical contact with the apparatus at all times.*
In wildland, which of the following is NOT a potential hazard that should be considered when selecting a position for the apparatus?
A. Incoming air drops
B. Falling trees and rolling rocks
C. Rapidly running shallow streams*
D. Heavy equipment being used to build control lines
In wildland, what size short hoseline should be deployed to protect the apparatus?
1½-inch or 1¾-inch (38 mm or 45 mm) line
In wildland, always ___ whenever the apparatus is positioned.
chock the wheels
In wildland, how should the apparatus be facing when positioned?
Facing the exit direction
Avoid driving the apparatus on ___, especially if it has a relatively high center of gravity.
Which of the following is an acceptable practice when making a wildland fire attack?
Driving on dirt and gravel roads
How does the wildland crew ensure complete extinguishment when progressing along the fire's edge?
By working engines in tandem or working a single engine with a hand crew
In wildland, do not leave engines ___ a safety zone.
Leave the headlights ___ whenever the engine is running.
In wildland, if the fire is spreading rapidly ___, draw engine and crews back to the flanks rather than attempt a frontal attack.
In wildland, when attacking from ___, leave sufficient clearance distances from the fire line to allow for loss of water or mechanical failure.
the unburned side
In wildland, consider the location of ___ when moving apparatus.
In wildland, do not drive into ___ where crews may be operating.
Which of the following is a function of the rescue/squad apparatus?
Provide extra manpower on the fire scene
The positioning of rescue apparatus is ___ as that of pumping and aerial apparatus.
not as critical
Which of the following guidelines for positioning rescue/squad apparatus is FALSE?
A. Display some type of light or sign that readily identifies the vehicle.*
B. Position as close to the scene as possible, without blocking access to other apparatus.
C. If using apparatus for scene lighting or SCBA cylinder refilling, locate strategically for those purposes.
D. Make sure that the apparatus has a clear exit path from the scene in the event that it is needed at a second incident.
IC: Provide for maximum visibility of the incident; attempt to have a clear view:
of two sides.
IC: Provide for ___ of the area surrounding the incident.
Place command vehicles in a position that is ___ other responders operating on the scene.
easy to locate for
IC: Position somewhere outside of the:
immediate danger zone.
IC: Display some type of ___ that readily identifies the vehicle as the command post.
light or sign
Which of the following are large breathing air cylinders that are connected together in banks?
Which of the following are engine-driven appliances that take in atmospheric air, purify it, and compress it?
Which of the following is a disadvantage of cascade systems?
A. They are costly to maintain.
B. They only include 2 to 4 large cylinders.
C. They take a long amount of time to refill cylinders.
D. They have a limited duration of use before they must be refilled.*
Which of the following continue to refill SCBA cylinders as long as their motors are running?
A. Bank systems
B. Cascade systems
C. Breathing-air compressors*
D. Mobile breathing air supply apparatus
Which of the following statements about mobile breathing air supply apparatus is FALSE?
A. They are only used in small, rural jurisdictions.*
B. They may carry large quantities of extra SCBA cylinders.
C. They are dedicated strictly to refilling/replacing SCBA cylinders.
D. They may be equipped with large cascade systems, breathing air compressors, or both.
Where should mobile air supply apparatus be positioned?
Far away from the command post, so that firefighters are not in the way
Apparatus using breathing air compressors to refill SCBA cylinders:
need to be positioned upwind of the fire in clear air space.
Which of the following statements about positioning mobile air supply apparatus is TRUE?
A. Driver/Operators need to position these apparatus before any other apparatus arrive on the scene.
B. These apparatus may block scene access for other vehicles if refilling cylinders is a pressing need.
C. These apparatus may be put on standby mode and positioned in the staging area during smaller incidents.
D. Driver/Operators need to know the SOPs for their department so that the apparatus is located appropriately.*
Which of the following is NOT a general function of EMS vehicles?
A. Responding to wildland fire incidents*
B. Treating and transporting injured civilians
C. Responding to fire and hazardous materials incidents
D. Standing by in case an emergency responder needs medical assistance
Which of the following is NOT a function of quick responder units?
A. Carrying EMTs
B. Transporting victims*
C. Carrying paramedics
D. Carrying emergency medical equipment
What is another term for quick responder units?
Where should the EMS vehicle position on incidents where there are victims requiring intervention?
In the vicinity of the triage and treatment area
Where should the EMS vehicle position when there are no immediate EMS situations?
Where firefighter rehabilitation is being conducted
On limited-access highways and turnpikes, apparatus should not be driven against the normal flow of traffic unless:
the road has been closed by police units.
Driver/Operators should know that hydrant placement on highways:
may be infrequent or may not exist.
Which of the following statements about responding to highway operations is TRUE?
A. Driver/Operators should never turn off all warning lights.
B. The siren should be used the entire time the apparatus is responding to the scene.
C. All warning lights should be used at the scene to prevent causing another accident.
D. The use of warning lights and sirens may create traffic conditions that actually slow the fire unit's response.*
The apparatus should be positioned on an angle so that the operator is protected from traffic by the:
tailboard of the apparatus.
Firefighters should consider positioning additional apparatus ___ behind the shielding apparatus to act as an additional barrier between firefighters and the flow of traffic.
150 to 200 feet (45 m to 60 m)
Which apparatus should be allowed best positioning at an emergency medical incident?
Which of the following statements about positioning a fire apparatus at emergency medical incident is FALSE?
A. Shut off all emergency lights.
B. Position the fire apparatus off the street.
C. Close down all lanes of traffic in both directions.*
D. Ensure that the surface is stable enough to support the weight of the fire apparatus.