Flashcards in Chapter 4 Operating Emergency Vehicles Deck (94):
Which of the following seldom causes serious injury or death, but accounts for a significant portion of overall damage costs?
Improper backing of the apparatus
Excessive speed by the fire apparatus driver/operator can result in which of the following?
Inability of driver/operator to stop in time to avoid a collision with another vehicle
Poor apparatus design is most often a factor on:
homebuilt water tenders.
Which of the following statements about driving regulations is TRUE?
If a driver/operator does not obey driving regulations and is involved in a collision, both the driver/operator and the fire department may be held responsible.
Which of the following statements about driving regulations is FALSE?
Driving regulations pertain to dry, clear roads during nighttime conditions.
Always consult the ___, supplied with each vehicle, for detailed instructions specific to the vehicle.
manufacturer's operator's manual
When should the vehicle be started so that it is warmed up when the rest of the crew is assembled and ready to respond?
As soon as possible
Take the time to review the ___ and consider important factors that may affect the response such as road closings and traffic conditions.
Do not move the apparatus until:
all occupants are seated within the cab and wearing seatbelts.
After releasing the ___, place the gear shifter into a low gear that will allow the vehicle to move with a minimum of throttle.
Never attempt to start the apparatus moving while it is in:
Release the ___ slowly when starting from a standstill, avoiding vehicle rollback.
Keep the apparatus in low gear until the ___ is reached for shifting to a higher gear.
When climbing a hill, shift the transmission to:
a lower gear.
On sharp curves or when turning corners, shift standard transmissions into:
a lower gear.
What should be used when fire apparatus must be driven over rough or rugged terrain?
The lower gears
If the apparatus becomes stuck in mud or snow, DO NOT:
race the engine or pop the clutch.
Which of the following should be selected before driving downhill?
A lower gear
To prevent engine damage, limit downhill speed to ___ maximum governed rpm.
Once the apparatus is ready to move, depress the ___ and move it to the appropriate gear selection.
interlock on the shifter
Be aware that the ___ influences automatic shifting.
pressure placed upon the accelerator
Manually select a lower gear as necessary when operating the apparatus at a slow speed for a long period of time or when:
driving up a steep hill.
Which of the following should NOT be attempted?
A. Downshifting at low rpm
B. Jumping more than one gear at a time*
C. Starting the apparatus in low gear
D. Driving the apparatus in high gear for long periods of time
Once the apparatus is moving, how should the vehicle be accelerated?
Do not try to reach rated speed in the:
Stay in the highest gear that allows the apparatus to ___ and still have some power in reserve for acceleration.
keep up with traffic
Attempt to maintain ___ control through correct throttling.
What should be avoided in order to reduce lugging?
Do not allow the ___ if lugging does occur.
engine rpm to drop below peak torque speed
What should be done when ascending a steep grade and momentary unavoidable lugging takes place?
Select progressively lower gears
Avoid overspeeding as a result of improper downshifting or hill descent. Choose a gear that allows the engine to operate at ___ lower than maximum recommended rpm.
200 or 300 rpm
Which of the following is NOT a consideration when stopping the apparatus?
A. Weight of apparatus
B. Length of apparatus*
C. Condition of brakes
D. Condition of road surface
If the unit has a ___, become thoroughly familiar with all the manufacturer's recommendations regarding its operation prior to use.
Do not disengage the clutch until ___, particularly on slippery surfaces.
the last few feet (meters) of travel
When the engine must be left to idle for an extended period of time, at what should the idle be set?
900 to 1,100 rpm
If diesel engines are to be left idling, they should be set at:
Never attempt to shut down the engine while the apparatus is in:
Except when in an atmosphere containing flammable gases or vapors, never shut down immediately after full-load operation; instead, allow the engine temperature to stabilize by idling it ___ minutes before shutdown.
3 to 5
Who is responsible for the safety of all personnel riding on the apparatus?
When should riders of emergency vehicles ideally don protective gear?
Before getting in the apparatus
In addition to the driver/operator, how many members are required in order to load large diameter hose?
At least one loading the hose and one acting as safety observer
What type of contact should safety observer(s) have with the driver/operator?
Both voice and visual communications
Which of the following statements about loading large diameter hose is TRUE?
The area in which the hose loading is performed must be closed to other vehicular traffic.
Which of the following statements about backing a fire apparatus is TRUE?
A. Whenever possible, the driver/operator should avoid backing the apparatus.*
B. It is often faster to back the apparatus than to drive around the block and start again.
C. It is safer and easier to back the apparatus than to drive around the block and start again.
D. When backing is necessary, there should be at least two firefighters assigned to communicate with the driver/operator.
What should be done if a driver/operator does not have or cannot see the spotters?
Do not back the apparatus.
Some SOPs require the driver/operator to ___ before backing a vehicle that is not equipped with an alarm system to warn others that the apparatus is backing.
sound the horn twice
What should be done when approaching a visually obstructed intersection?
Bring the apparatus to a complete stop before proceeding slowly.
If departmental SOPs allow, what should be done at a red signal light?
Come to a complete stop and assure that all lanes of traffic are yielding to the apparatus before proceeding.
When is it advisable to drive into the opposing lane of traffic (if departmental SOPs allow)?
When all lanes of traffic are blocked in the same direction as the responding apparatus
Which of the following defensive driving techniques is TRUE?
A. Know the rules that govern the general public when emergency vehicles are responding with warning lights and audible devices operating.*
B. It is safe to proceed into intersections if you have tripped the traffic signals and are certain that they are in your favor.
C. When proceeding through an intersection, wait for a go-ahead signal from each of the other drivers before proceeding.
D. Rely on warning sires, lights, and signals because they are most easily distinguishable from other warning devices and street noises.
Which type of road surface provides the optimal stopping ability?
A flat, dry, paved road
Which of the following statements about stopping the apparatus is FALSE?
A. At an equal speed, apparatus of differing weights will stop at equal distances.*
B. The ability of the apparatus to stop is negatively affected by steep, wet, snowy, or icy roads.
C. A vehicle with properly maintained brakes will stop faster than one with brakes in disrepair.
D. It will take a greater distance to stop a vehicle that is going 50 mph (80 km/h) than the same vehicle when it is traveling 30 mph (48 km/h).
How must driver/operators compensate for poor road conditions?
By reducing their speed by an appropriate amount
Weight transfer occurs as a result of:
Whenever a vehicle undergoes a change in velocity or direction, weight transfer takes place relative to:
the severity of change.
Which of the following does NOT cause lateral weight transfer?
Stopping a tanker that is completely full of water
Whenever possible, avoid passing vehicles that do not:
pull over to yield the right-of-way to the fire apparatus.
Always travel in the ___ on multilane roads.
Avoid passing vehicles:
on the right.
Make sure you can see that the opposing lanes of traffic ___ if you must move in that direction.
are clear of oncoming traffic
Whenever possible, avoid passing:
other emergency vehicles.
If a smaller, faster emergency vehicle must pass a larger, slower emergency vehicle, the lead vehicle should slow down and move to the right to allow the other vehicle to pass, and the maneuver:
should be coordinated by radio if possible.
Decrease speed gradually, slow down when approaching curves, keep off low or soft shoulders, and avoid:
Recognize areas that become slippery first, such as bridge surfaces, ___ slopes of hills, shaded spots, and areas where snow is blowing across the roadway.
___ the brakes while in an area free of traffic to find out how slippery the road is and to determine your approximate stopping distance.
Use the windshield wipers and ___ to keep the windshield clean and clear.
Know that snow tires or tire chains ___ the stopping distance but increase starting and hill-climbing traction on snow or ice.
Driving in adverse weather, increase the:
A. pressure applied to the brakes.
B. safe following distance between vehicles.*
C. number of responding personnel on apparatus.
D. number of times you tap the brakes before application.
Remember that it takes ___ times more distance for a vehicle to come to a complete stop on snow and ice than it does on dry concrete.
3 to 15
Move the switch to the ___ position when approaching or anticipating slippery-road conditions.
When activating the interaxle differential lock:
lift your foot from the accelerator.
Do not activate the interaxle differential switch while ___; damage to the axle could result.
one or more of the wheels is slipping or spinning
Do not ___ the wheels with the interaxle differential locked; damage to the axle could result.
Know that civilian drivers respond better to sounds that:
change pitch often.
Take care not to "outrun" the effective range of the emergency vehicle's:
audible warning device.
Which of the following statements regarding warning devices is FALSE?
A. Turn headlights on while responding, even during daylight hours.
B. Do not leave spotlights shining on vehicles, because this blinds the driver.
C. Use sirens for all responses and not just emergency response situations.*
D. Use discretion in the use of sirens when responding to sensitive situations, such as psychiatric emergencies.
If required by departmental SOPs, turn off all warning devices and proceed with the normal flow of traffic when driving on:
limited-access highways and turnpikes.
When more than one emergency vehicle is responding along the same route, travel at least ___ apart.
300 to 500 feet (90 m to 150 m)
Avoid relying on ___; instead, use the radio to report location and status, particularly when you are certain that you are approaching the same intersection as another emergency vehicle.
designated response routes
___ and turn off spotlights in situations where they may blind oncoming drivers, including the drivers of other apparatus approaching the scene.
Though ___ are an inexpensive and effective warning device, check to see whether your state (province) allows them.
Turn off some of the apparatus' warning lights once it is parked so as not to:
overpower the effectiveness of the reflective trim on the firefighters' clothing.
Written tests may include questions pertaining to which of the following areas?
Which of the following is NOT a type of driving exercise required by NFPA® 1002?
A. Alley dock
B. Parallel parking*
C. Serpentine course
Which driving exercise simulates maneuvering around parked and stopped vehicles and tight corners?
Which driving exercise measures a driver/operator's ability to steer the apparatus in a straight line, to judge distances from wheel to object, and to stop at a finish line?
Remember that ___ is less important than arriving ___ at the destination.
Slow down for intersections and stop when faced with a:
Drive defensively. Be aware that everything that is happening or likely to happen ___ around the apparatus.
Expect that some motorists and pedestrians will ___ the apparatus warning devices.
neither hear nor see
Be aware of the route's general road and traffic conditions. Adjust this expectation with the season, weather, day of the week, and:
time of day.
Remember that ___ increase(s) braking distance.
icy, wet, or snow-packed roads
Do not ___ on manual transmission vehicles.
grind the gears