Chapter 52- Assessment of GI System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 52- Assessment of GI System Deck (16)
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1

Questions to ask to assess GI system

Diet

Family history/genetic risk

Current health problems (GI disorders)

Culture

Age

Alcohol/Tobacco

How often do you have BM

Laxatives

Medications

2

What position to assess GI system?

supine

3

passing flatulence expected within

10 hours

4

increased bowel sounds can indicate

diarrhea

5

absence of bowel sounds can be

constipation

6

Assessment order for GI system

inspect, auscultate, percuss, palpate

7

hepatic encephalopathy:

condition that affects the brain

temporary worsening cognition

buildup of toxins in the brain due to advanced liver disease

8

occult blood in stool can be a sign of

upper/lower GI bleed

upper is darker blood (hard to see because blood disgusted already)

lower- brighter blood (evidence of colitis, chrons disease)

9

Imaging assessment

CT of abdomen used to evaluate many abdominal disorders

ultrasound

xray (upper GI series)

Colonoscopy

Endoscopy

ERCP (best) Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (see how dye travels through liver cells)


MRI

EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy)

10

Most common oral cavity problem

Stomatitis

11

Treatment for stomatitis

oral hygiene!!

sodium bicarb

hydrogen peroxide

if viral- use acyclovir

avoid commercial mouth rinse

12

Oral cavity problems can be due to

candidiasis

swish and swallow rinse

consider dietary changes (high protein, high vitamin c diets, soups, cool or cold)

13

Most common oral cancer:

squamous cell carcinoma

can be found in people with certain occupations (textile workers, plumbers- prolonged exposure to lead?)

14

2nd most common oral cancer

Basal cell carcinoma

resembles a raised scab

15

Rolling hiatal hernia is more dangerous than

sliding hiatal hernia

16

patient with hernia may present with

heartburn

chest pain