Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Systems Infrastructure > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (29):
1

Where is the BIOS stored?

On ROM chips on the Chipset.

2

What allows you to control the system settings like Drive Order and Power settings before the operating system starts?

The BIOS

3

To update the BIOS, you must first _____ it.

Flash.

4

True / False: Flashing the BIOS is completely safe.

False. Interrupting the flashing processes or installing the wrong software can render the device useless.

5

How do you Enter the BIOS/CMOS setup program?

Delete or F10, but it may vary.

6

What windows software can scan your computer for compatability issues when upgrading?

The Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor

7

If you set a service to Automatic...

It starts automatically upon system start.

8

If you set a service to Manual...

Stops automatic startup, but allows other services/users to start the service.

9

If you set a service to disable...

Prevents the service from running period.

10

What is the Registry?

The central, secure database where indows stores all configuration into and system security policies.

11

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT

Stores info about registered applications I.E. where file extensions point to.

12

HKEY_CURRENt_USERS

Stores settings specific to the currently logged in user, upon logoff info saved in HKEY_USERS.

13

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

Saves settings specific to the local computer.

14

HKEY_USERS

Contrains subkeys corrosponding to the info in HKCU for each user profile on a machine.

15

HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG

Contains information gathered at runtime. Not permanently stored on disk, generated at boot.

16

How can you edit the registry?

Run regedit.exe

17

After the MBR is read, list the programs that execute to load windows.

1. BOOTMGR 2. WINload 3. MTOSKERNL.EXE 4. Boot-class device drivers

18

What does BOOTMGR do?

Loads and accesses the Boot Configuration Data Store to display the boot menu or to boot from a partition of volume

19

What is WINload?

The operating system boot loader that loads the rest of the OS that BOOTMGR does not.

20

What is NTOSKERL.EXE?

The main part of windows. Responsible for various system services, processes, and memory management.

21

MBR

Master Boot Record

22

What is the MBR?

The first 512 byte boot sector of a partitioned drive. Contains the primary partition table/entries and bootstrap.

23

VBR

Volume Boot Record

24

What is the VBR?

Its a boot sector that takes control from the MBR, and contains the code for booting an operating system (such as BOOTMGR)

25

What is the Active Partition?

The Partition or Volume that is marked as the Partition to boot form.

26

What is the Active Partition/Volume that contains the boot file known as?

The system partition/volume

27

What does the system partition/volume contain?

The Boot file (BOOTMGR)

28

What is the partition of volume that contains the Windows OS files/Windows folder?

The Boot Partition.

29

The component that initalizes hardware and finds an OS to load is...

The ROM BIOS (HW) / POST (SW)