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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (43):
1

George Washington

First president under the constitution

2

Judiciary act of 1789

a law that established the federal court system and the number of supreme court justices and that provided for the appeal of certain state court decisions to the federal courts

3

Cabinet

the group of department heads who serve as the presidents chief advisers

4

alexander Hamilton

secretary of the treasury

5

Thomas Jefferson

writer of the Declaration of independence

6

Bank of the United States

would issue paper money and handle tax receipts and other government funds

7

Elastic Clause

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper to carry into execution and foregoing powers

8

federalists

supporters of the constitution and of a strong national government

9

Democratic-Republicans

Jefferson's Republicans

10

Two-party system

a political system dominated by two-major parties

11

whiskey rebellion

uprising in 1794 by farmers in the western Pennsylvania to protect the federal excise tax on liquor that was established in 1791

12

tariff

a tax on imports or exports

13

excise tax

tax on the manufacture sale or distribution of whiskey

14

Neutrality

statement that the US would support neither sides in the conflict

15

Pinckney's Treaty 1795

Included virtually every concession that the Americans desired

16

Little Turtle

Chief of the miami people, Most famous Native American Military leader of the time

17

Jay's Treaty 1794

Treaty between US and GB , the british agreed to evacuate thier posts in the Northwest Territory

18

Washington's Farewell Address

Letter written by GW stating that they steer clear of permanent alliances

19

John Adams

2nd president of the United States

20

Sectionalism

Placing the interests of the one region over those of the nation as a whole

21

XYZ affair

1797 incident in which France officials demanded a bribe from US diplomats

22

Alien and Sedition Acts

4 Bills passed in 1798 by the Federalist in the 5th united states congress after the French Revolution

23

Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional

24

Nullification

states had the right to nullify or sonsider void any act of congress that they deemed unconstitutional

25

Aaron Burr

US politician who served as vice president under Jefferson

26

John Marshall

A staunch Federalist, as chief justice of the supreme court

27

Judiciary act of 1801

Which increased the number of Federal judges by 16

28

Midnight Judges

the 16 federal judges

29

Marbury VS. Madison

Established judicial review and the supreme court has the power to declare acts of congress unconstitutional

30

Judicial Review

the ability of supreme court to declare an act of congress unconstitutional

31

Louisiana Purchase

which included all the land drained by the western tributaries of the Mississippi River, the size of the US more than doubled

32

Lewis and Clark

First american expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the US

33

Sacajawea

Native American woman who served as interpreter and guide

34

Uncle Sam

Symbolize American values of honesty and hard work

35

Blockade

Seal up its parts and prevent ships from entering or leaving

36

Impressments

The practice of seizing americans at sea and impressing or drafting them into British navy

37

Embargo

ban an exporting products to other countries

38

Tecumseh

Shawnee chief believed that the only way for Native Americans to protect their homeland against intruding white settlers was to form a confederacy

39

War hawks

A young congressmen from the south and the west

40

Battle of New Orleans

Final major battle of the war of 1812

41

Andrew Jackson

General from Tennesseee

42

Treaty of Ghent

Unknown into Jackson, British and American diplomats had already signed a peace agreement

43

Armistice

End to the fighting