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Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (27):
1

Samuel B. Morse

built the telegraph

2

Market Revolution

The major change in the US economy produced by peoples beginning to buy and sell goods rather than for oneself

3

Capitalism

Economic system in which private individuals and corporations control the means of production and use them to earn profits

4

Jon Deere

Invented the first steel plow

5

Cyrus McCormmick

Invented the Mechanical Reaper

6

Manifest Destiny

19th century belief that the US would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific ocean and into Mexican Territory

7

Black Hawk

Chief black Hawk of the Sauk trib

8

Treaty of Fort Laramie

The treaty requiring the Sroux to live on a reservation along the Missouri river

9

Santa Fe Trail

A route from independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe, New Mexico, used by traders in the early and Mid 1800s

10

Oregon Trail

used by pioneers traveling to the Oregon Territory

11

Mormons

Members of a church founded by Joseph Smith and his associates

12

Joseph Smith

Helped establish the church of Jesus Christ

13

Brigham Young

Smith's Successor

14

Fifty-four forty or fight

A slogan used in the 1844

15

Stephen Austin

Led the first of several groups of Americans Settlers to a fertile area

16

Santa Anna

Mexican President

17

Texas Revolution

The 1836 Rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico

18

Alamo

a mission and fort in San Antonio, Texas where Mexican forces massacred rebellious Texans in 1836

19

Sam Houston

Led the Alamo

20

Republic of Texas

1836, american settlers in the Mexican province of Tejas declared and fought for their independence also commonly known at the time as the Lone Star Republic

21

James K, Polk

U.S president

22

Zachary Taylor

U.S General

23

Wilmot Proviso

1846 amendment proposing that none of the territory acquired in the war with Mexico would be open to slavery

24

Stephen Kearney

Colonel

25

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1848 Treaty ending the U.S war with Mexico, in which Mexico ceded California and New Mexico to the U.S

26

Gadsden Purchase

and 1853 purchase by the U.S of land from Mexico, establishing the present U.S Mexico boundary

27

Forty-Niners

One of the people who migrated to California in search of riches after gold was discovered there in 1848