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Flashcards in Chapter 6 & 7 Deck (17)
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What is Human Act?

If the object, the intention, or the circumstances of an act are evil, then the act itself is evil


What is Natural Law?

Natural human desire to do good and avoid evil


Who is our Neighbor?

Anyone who needs help whom I know I can help


What is Moral Relativism?

Beliefs that there are no absolute truths & that morality changes with each new situation


What is Sin?

Any deed, word, or desire against Eternal Law


What is Guilt?

A feeling of responsibility or remorse for some offense, especially against moral laws


What is Personalism?

We must change the world or build the kingdom of heaven on earth one person at a time


Where should forgiveness begin, why?

It begins with ones self and saying "I am sorry." Christ says to turn the other cheek, do good to those who hurt you.


What's the difference between Attrition and Contrition?

Attrition is being sorry for you sins just because you fear God. Contrition is true sorrow for having offended God and others and that comes with a determination to not sin anymore.


Explain briefly the Principles of Double Effect

1. The action must be good in itself
2. The action must have the right intentions
3. The evil effect cannot be the means to the good effect
4. The good effect must balance the evil effect


What are the three components of an Human Act?

1. Object
2. Intention
3. Circumstances


What did Pope John Paul II say is the greatest sin of our century and what did he mean by that?

The sin of the century is the loss of the meaning of sin. A culture that is insensitive to wrong and right, good and evil, becomes ignorant and selfish, not to mention confused.


Who can be forgiven, how, and what is necessary?

Humankind can be forgiven by dying to sin and rising to a life in Christ. The Sacrament of Reconciliation is necessary for forgiveness.


What's the difference between moral and venial sin?

Mortal sin destroys charity in the heart of men. Venial sin allows charity to subsist, though it offends and wounds it.


Why is forgiveness so difficult and why is it an act of compassion for both the forgiven and the forgiver?

It is a challenge because we have to let go of our over exaggerated ego and admit fault. It goes against our grains. Our first reaction to being hurt is to hurt or strike back. Christ says to turn the other cheek, do good to those who hurt you.


1. What are the conditions that need to be met in order for a sin to be considered moral? Give an example
2. Using those conditions, how can the church say that to choose not to go to church on Sunday should be considered a mortal sin? (2nd has no answer yet)

1. It must be a grave matter that is in serious violation of Natural Law. You must have full knowledge of the sinful action. You must also have complete consent sufficiently deliberated to be a personal choice.
Example: Choosing not to go to mass on Sunday
or murder


Know how to apply the principles of double effect to the example she uses from pg. 102 in textbook