Flashcards in Chapter 6- Ethics In Nursing Deck (50)
Defined as attitudes, ideals, or beliefs that guide behavior
Established rules of conduct to be used to distinguish right from wrong
Codified actions that specify what actions an individual should take
Application of ethical principles to moral issues in health care
Man-made rules of conduct that protect society
The purpose of laws
To protect the rights of one individual from infringement by another
As a group becomes larger and more complicated, laws tend to...
Each person is responsible for his or her own actions
One of the key elements of being a professional
Nurses are accountable to...
Profession of nursing
Other nurses (peer review)
What is Kolberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning?
An approach to moral reasoning. It has three levels of moral reasoning
Kolberg's stages of moral reasoning, the levels specifically
The end justifies the means.
No set rules or principles to govern day to day decisions.
All decisions depend on situation.
Moral decisions in utilitarianism
The greatest good for the greatest number of people
The most basic principle is "survival of the species"
Principles of right and wrong
Principles echo those in the bill of rights
In reality, most people use a ________ of ultilitarianism and deontology.
Uses key ethical principles of beneficence, nonmaleficencr, autonomy, and justice to resolve ethical dilemmas
The primary ethical responsibility of nurses in practice
Respect for others
Six ethical principles
Individuals have the right to determine their own actions and freedom to make their own decisions.
Respect is cornerstone
Autonomic deductions are based on:
Freedom from coercion
Reason and deliberation
Based on promoting good for others... this is the primary goal of nursing and health care
One of the oldest of the ethical requirements in health care
Duty to do no harm
Foundation of Hippocratic oath
Principle of double effect
One may produce a distressful or undesireable effect if intent is to produce overall good result
Equals should be treated the same and unequals should be treated differently.
How is justice used in reference to health care?
It relates to allocation of resources.
Faithfulness or honoring one's commitments or promises
Fidelity is the key foundation for:
Code of ethics for nurses