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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Ethics In Nursing Deck (50)
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1

Values

Defined as attitudes, ideals, or beliefs that guide behavior

2

Morals

Established rules of conduct to be used to distinguish right from wrong

3

Ethics

Codified actions that specify what actions an individual should take

4

Bioethics

Application of ethical principles to moral issues in health care

5

Laws

Man-made rules of conduct that protect society

6

The purpose of laws

To protect the rights of one individual from infringement by another

7

As a group becomes larger and more complicated, laws tend to...

Increase

8

Ethical accountability

Each person is responsible for his or her own actions

9

One of the key elements of being a professional

Ethical accountability

10

Nurses are accountable to...

Clients
Public
Profession of nursing
Facility administration
Physicians
Other nurses (peer review)

11

Accountability is...

Answerability

12

What is Kolberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning?

An approach to moral reasoning. It has three levels of moral reasoning

13

Kolberg's stages of moral reasoning, the levels specifically

Preconventional
Conventional
Postconventional

14

Utilitarianism

The end justifies the means.
No set rules or principles to govern day to day decisions.
All decisions depend on situation.
Group happiness.

15

Moral decisions in utilitarianism

The greatest good for the greatest number of people

16

Deontology

The most basic principle is "survival of the species"
Principles of right and wrong
Principles echo those in the bill of rights

17

In reality, most people use a ________ of ultilitarianism and deontology.

Combination

18

Principalism

Uses key ethical principles of beneficence, nonmaleficencr, autonomy, and justice to resolve ethical dilemmas

19

The primary ethical responsibility of nurses in practice

Respect for others

20

Six ethical principles

Autonomy
Beneficence
Nonmaleficence
Justice
Fidelity
Veracity

21

Autonomy

Individuals have the right to determine their own actions and freedom to make their own decisions.

Respect is cornerstone

22

Autonomic deductions are based on:

Individual values
Adequate information
Freedom from coercion
Reason and deliberation

23

Beneficence

Based on promoting good for others... this is the primary goal of nursing and health care

One of the oldest of the ethical requirements in health care

24

Nonmaleficence

Duty to do no harm

Foundation of Hippocratic oath

25

Principle of double effect

One may produce a distressful or undesireable effect if intent is to produce overall good result

26

Justice

Equals should be treated the same and unequals should be treated differently.

27

How is justice used in reference to health care?

It relates to allocation of resources.

28

Fidelity

Faithfulness or honoring one's commitments or promises

29

Fidelity is the key foundation for:

Nurse-patient relationship

Code of ethics for nurses

Maintaining competence

30

Veracity

Telling the truth, not lying