Chapter 6: Installing a Physical Network Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6: Installing a Physical Network Deck (45):
1

Structured Cabling

The set of cabling standards

2

Telecommunications Room

The central location to which all cabling from individual PCs runs.

3

Horizontal Cabling

All cables run horizontally (for the most part) from the telecommunications room to the PCs

4

Work Area

Where the cables go to from the telecommunications room

5

Run

A single piece of cable that runs from a work area to a telecommunications room

6

Solid Core Cable

-A cable that uses a single solid wire to transmit signals
-A better conductor than stranded core, but more fragile

7

Stranded Core Cable

-A cable that uses a bundle of tiny wire strands to transmit signals.
-Not as good of a conductor as solid core, but less fragile

8

Should horizontal cabling be stranded or solid core?

Solid Core

9

Intermediate Distribution Frame (IDF)

The more technical name for the telecommunications room

10

Width of an equipment rack

19 inches

11

Size of a unit (U)

1.75 inches

12

Patch Panel

A box with a row of female ports in the front and permanent connections in the back to which you connect the horizontal cables.

13

110 block

The most common type of patch panel connector

14

Punchdown tool

A tool used to connect UTP to a 110 block

15

TIA/EIA 606

Defines an official naming convention for labeling cables

16

Patch Cables

Short, straight-through UTP cables that use stranded cable.

17

Demarc

Where connections from the outside world come into the building.

18

Network Interface Unit (NIU)

Another term for demarc

19

Smart Jack

A type of NIU that enables ISPs or telephone companies to test for faults in a network, such as disconnections or loopbacks.

20

Customer Premises Equipment

The primary distribution box and customer-owned/managed equipment that exists on the customer side of the demarc.

21

Demarc Extension

Any cabling that runs from the NIU to whatever box is used by the customer as a demarc.

22

Vertical Cross-Connect

The main patch panel in a telecommunications room.

23

Main Distribution Frame (MDF)

The room in a building that stores the demarc, telephone cross-connects, and LAN cross-connects.

24

Cable Drop

Location where the cable comes out of the wall at the workstation location

25

Split Pair

A condition that occurs when signals on a pair of wires within a UTP cable interfere with the signals on another wire pair within that same cable.

26

Short

Allows electricity to pass between two conductive elements that weren't designed to interact together.

27

Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR)

An advanced cable tester that tests the length of cables and their continuity or discontinuity, and identifies the location of any discontinuity due to a bend, break, unwanted crimp, and so on.

28

Crosstalk

Electrical signal interference between two cables that in close proximity to each other.

29

Far-End Crosstalk

Crosstalk on the opposite end of a cable from the signal's source.

30

Near-End Crosstalk

Crosstalk at the same end of a cable from which the signal is being generated.

31

Attenuation

The degradation of signal over distance for a networking cable.

32

What unit is signal loss measured in?

decibels (dB)

33

Cable Certifier

A powerful cable testing device used by professional installers to test the electrical characteristics of a cable and then generate a certification report, proving that cable runs pass TIA/EIA standards

34

Optical Time Domain Reflectometers (OTDR)

Tester for fiber optic cable that determines continuity and reports the location of cable breaks.

35

Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)

The expansion slot which you insert a NIC into.

36

Bonding

Two or more NICs in a system working together to act as a single NIC to increase performance.

37

Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)

Specification of certain features and options to automate the negotiation, management, load balancing, and failure modes of aggregated ports.

38

Activity Light

An LED on a NIC, hub, or switch that blinks rapidly to show data transfers over the network.

39

Collision Light

A light on some older NICs that flickers when a network collision is detected.

40

Loopback test

Sends data out of the NIC and checks to see if it comes back.

41

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

A device that supplies continuous clean power to a computer system the whole time the computer is on.

42

Online UPS

-Continually charges a battery that powers the computer components.
-If the telco room loses power, the computer stays powered up

43

Standby UPS

-Doesn't power the computer unless the power goes out

44

Tone Generator

Connects to a cable and sends an electrical signal along the wire at a certain frequency

45

Tone Probe

Emits a sound when it is placed near a cable connected to the tone generator.