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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (40):
1

American men who fought in the revolution

highest causality rates
over 200,000 men fought
more died from disease than from battle wounds
only more casualties in the civil war
many poor and disadvantaged

2

Northwest Ordinance

Illinois
Ohio
Michigan
Indiana
wisconsin

3

Articles of Confederation

Armed forces
obtain loans
conduct war
Monetary system

4

Treaty of Paris (2) 1783

Western Boundary of Mississippi River
No more British forts in American Territory
Acknowledgement of Independence
Fishing in northern waters

5

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Governor provided
New states were equal to old
Governor chosen by congress
Slavery prohibited

6

Spain

more land than everyone else
joined war to expand its empire(didn't really take a side)

7

Thomas Jefferson

wanted to do away with state church (Anglican) of Virginia
Wanted to increase a national community sentiment

8

Slavery - South

Some freed by Revolutionary ideals

9

Slavery - North

Abolished in most states

10

Women

Changes in expectations

11

Indians

another disastrous defeat

12

France

decided to join American cause after victory at Saratoga.

13

Land Ordinance of 1785

public education

14

George Washington

could have created a military government with himself as leader, but didn't (Military was not and would not be in charge).

15

Economy

inflation

16

Balanced Government

avoid mob rule by "unthinking."

17

What was the 14th State?

Vermont

18

Where did George Washington's soldiers suffer hardship during winter that eventually became a symbol for American Nationalism?

Valley Forge

19

What were colonist who supported the British called?

Loyalists

20

Who was a hero of the revolution, but later turned into a British Informer?

Benedict Arnold

21

Who was a notable woman activist who turned her home into a center of the Patriot political party and published a series of satires supporting the American cause and scorning the loyalists?

Mercy Otis Warren

22

On Christmas Night 1776 Washington led troops across where to defeat the Hessian Forces in a surprise attack?

Delaware

23

Where did British general John Burgoyne surrendered his forces on October 19. 1777 ?

Saratoga

24

General Cornwallis surrendered a major British Army in 1781 following the siege of?

York Town

25

Who painted the "Surrender of Lord Cornwallis?'

John Trumbull

26

The ratification of what in 1781 created the first national government of the United States?

Articles of Confederation

27

The overall casualty rate during the Revolution:

was greater than all other US conflicts except the civil war.

28

Many of those loyal to Britain:

Were recent immigrants
held royal offices within the colonies
and were ethnic minorities who had faced persecution or harassment in the colonies

29

The largest number of loyalists who left the united states during the revolution:

moved to Canada

30

the first nation to sigh a formal treaty of alliance with the United States was:

France

31

During the American Revolution:

The Indian tribes that became involved, the majority supported great britian

32

the war in the south was characterized by :

vicious violence between patriots and Loyalists

33

Patriot victory at Yorktown resulted from:

the successful joint efforts of American and French forces

34

The Articles of Confederation

established a relatively weak central government that faced numerous challenges during the war

35

a serious impediment to the ratification of the articles of confederation was:

lingering dispute over state claims to western lands

36

Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1787

the United states pledged to treat loyalists fairly and the United States gained all English territory east of the Mississippi river except Florida and Canada.

37

Who wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights that became a precedent for the bill of rights?

George mason

38

in the aftermath of the revolution:

some Americans hoped that the political changes would lead to other reforms.

39

Thomas Jefferson's Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom:

ended the Anglican Church's position as the official, tax supported church of Virginia.

40

During and in the years following the Revolution:

thousands of African Americans who fought with the British were forced to flee the country
Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Rhode Island passed gradual emancipation laws
and the free black population of Virginia grew to more than 20,000