Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (24):
1

Mushrooms are low in ______, _______ and ______ (good for diabetes)

- calories
- sodium
- glucose

2

_______ have a cap convoluted with holes/pits. The stalk and cap are ______.

- Morchella species
- hollow

3

inky caps and shaggy mane are apart of the _____ species

- coprinus

4

One portabella has more _____ than a banana

- pottasium

5

The Hydnum species includes the ________

- hedgehog mushroom

6

________ have pink bottoms and are apart of the ______ species

- meadow mushrooms
- agaricus species

7

The ______ species are mushrooms with teeth and are mycorrhizal

- hydnum

8

Mushrooms are a good source of ________, lower _____ and regulate ______

- fiber
- cholesterol
- blood pressure

9

Mushrooms have super antioxidants that are rich in ______ and _______

- selenium
- ergothioneine

10

An example of a bolete is ______

- mycorrhizae

11

Wild mushrooms must be ______ because they are not easily cultivated

- collected

12

The laetiporus species is ______ to weakly parasitic and is known as the _______

- saprotrophic
- "chicken of the woods"

13

The oyster mushroom is apart of the _____ species and common year round on dead hardwood trees

- pleurotus

14

The ______ species has a cap with false (decurrent) gills. The stalk and cap are _______. They can only be found ________ and are _____ with trees

- cantharellus
- solid
- on the ground
- mycorrizal

15

The _______ species has overlapping caps, pores on underside, has no stalk and is attached to wood

- laetiporus species

16

The hericium species includes _____, _____ and ______

- lions mane
- pom pom
- bears head

17

The cantharellus species are ________

- chanterelles

18

A _____ is a mushroom with pores

- bolete

19

The morchella species is known as _____

- morels

20

The ______ species has teeth/spines, with no cap or stalk and is attached to wood

- hericium

21

To collect mushrooms you need to _____ rather than pick

- dig

22

The health benefits of mushrooms include

1. high protein content
2. significant quantities of Vitamins B and D
3. essential trace minerals
4. super antioxidant

23

The cantharellus cinnabarinus, Hygrophoropis aurantiaca, lactarius spp, omphalotus spp (Jack O'lantern) are apart of the _____ species

- cantharellus

24

Morchella species can only be found ______

- on the ground