A diagnostic designation used to represent a group of behaviors characterized by habitual misbehavior, such as stealing, setting fires, running away from home, skipping school, destroying property, fighting, or being cruel to animals.
Any behavior that is considered a violation of social norms in society; antisocial behaviors may or may not be defined as crimes.
Reserved for serious habitual misbehavior, which involves actions that are directly harmful to the well-being of others
Antisocial personality disorder (APD or ASP)
A disorder characterized by a history of continuous behavior in which the rights of others are violated.
Psychiatric diagnostic label reserved primarily for adults at least 18 years old who displayed conduct disorder as children or adolescents and who continue serious offending well into adulthood
The Moffitt developmental theory
Indicated that delinquency could be best understood if we viewed it as progressing along two developmental paths
One that began early in a child’s life and launched the child into a career of lifetime offending
One that was restricted to adolescence
Life course-persistent offenders (LCPs)
Offenders who demonstrate a lifelong pattern of antisocial behavior and who are often resistant to treatment or rehabilitation.
LCPs exhibit inherited or acquired neurological problems during their childhood
Difficult temperaments as infants, attention deficit disorders or hyperactivity in elementary school, and additional learning problems during their later school years.
Adolescent-limited offenders (ALs)
Individuals who usually demonstrate delinquent or antisocial behavior only during their teen years and then stop offending during their young adult years.
AL delinquent most likely to be involved in offenses that…
Symbolize adult privilege and demonstrate autonomy from parental control
Vandalism, theft, drug and alcohol offenses, and other status offenses like running away or truancy
Offenses lack the cruelty and violence typical of LCPs
Steinberg’s dual-systems model
Theoretical model that offers a neurological explanation for Moffitt’s adolescence-limited offenders
That reward seeking and impulsivity develop along different timetables and have different neurological influences during adolescent and young adult development
Developmental dual systems model
Proposed by Laurence Steinberg, it refers to the difference in cognitive and emotional brain development in adolescents, making them more prone to sensation-seeking and risk-taking behaviors.
Human brain does not reach full maturity until
Around age 25
Maladaptive behaviors directed at an individual’s environment, such as acting out, antisocial behavior, deceitfulness, hostility, violations of rules and social norms, vindictiveness, and aggression.
Disruptive behaviors lead to what psychologists call externalizing problems
Maladaptive behaviors that are directed toward the self, such as suicide, depression, or unusual low self-esteem or confidence.
Prominent features of Moffitt’s LCPs
1) hyperactive-impulsive attention problems
2) conduct problems (or externalizing problems)
3) deficient cognitive ability
4) poor interpersonal or social skills (often resulting in peer rejection)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Traditionally considered a chronic neurological condition characterized by developmentally poor attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. More contemporary perspectives also see the behavioral pattern as a deficiency in interpersonal skills.
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
In children, this is a disorder whose symptoms include arguing with adults, refusing adults’ requests, deliberately trying to annoy others, blaming others for mistakes, and being spiteful or vindictive.
The most common problem associated with ADHD
Delinquency and substance abuse
The central feature of conduct disorder
Repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior that violates the basic rights of others
An individual who demonstrates a distinct behavioral pattern that differs from the general population in its lack of sensitivity, empathy, compassion, and guilt. Often involved in antisocial-including criminal-activity. Distinguished from the sociopath in that psychopathy is believed to have a biological origin associated with an inordinate need for stimulation.
Psychopaths who demonstrate a wide range of persistent antisocial behavior
Tend to be dominant, manipulative individuals characterized by an impulsive, risk-taking and antisocial lifestyle
Antisocial personality disorder
Defined in the DSM-5
An individual who exhibits a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others, occurring since age 15 years
Antisocial personality disorder appears closely aligned with
The persistent offender
The LCP offender
Do psychopathy and ASP reflect the same underlying psychopathology?
Psychopathology Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)
Developed by Robert Hare, it is the best-known and most heavily researched instrument for the measurement of criminal psychopathy.
The most popular