Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (66):
groups that advance certain political goals and gains power by winning elections
the dominant parties in the political landscape; current ones are Democratic and Republican
smaller political parties usually organized around a particular issue
also called minor parties
to name candidates for public office
strong devotion to a political party
a political system dominated by two major parties
legislative districts from which only one representative is chosen
single member district
the largest number of votes cast for a candidate or a bill
two major parties working together to support an issue
formal statement of a party's position on current issues; drafted at a party's national convention
a political philosophy that seeks through government action to change the political, economic, and social status quo and to encourage the development and well-being of the individual
a political philosophy that defends against major changes by the government to the political, economic, and social institutions of society, but rather seeks non-bureaucratic solutions to political issues
political system in which several parties compete for public office and majority support
a temporary alliance of several groups
an assembly of political party representatives at the national, state, or country level for the purpose of establishing a platform, electing party leadership, and nominating candidates
historically, the representatives at the Constitutional convention; party representatives
a small meeting of a political party's top leaders and legislators in congress to select part nominees
the practice of giving government jobs to friends and supporters
also called patronage
organized effort by a political party of candidate to attract voter support in an election
an electrion prior to the general election in which voters select the cndidates who will run on each party's ticket
a state-run or state-regulated election for the purpose of selecting the party nominee for most local, state, and national offices
a primary election in which voters indicate their preference for their party's presidential candidate and elect state party delegates to represent their choice at the national convention
government system in which only one political party is allowed and a select few from that party rule the country using a centralized bureaucracy and an effective police force
generally concentrates on strengthening national ties to the state organizations and thereby building a more unified party
Republican National Committee (RNC)
places more emphasis on presidential politics and has been less effective at building strong state organizations
Democratic National Committee (DNC)
units into which cities are often divided for city council elections and then further divided into precincts
smallest units of election districts and party administration
a group of individuals that share like opinions on a political issue or group of issues and that unite in some organization to influence government officials and further their views; also known as pressure groups
voters who have no party affiliation
voting for candidates of both parties for different offices
the behaviors and policies of the party in power are carefully watched over and reported on
Who were the two first political parties in America?
Federalists and Anti-Federalists (Republicans)
From the time of Andrew Jackson to the Civil war, which two political parties were in power?
Whigs (elites) and the Democratic-Republicans
Who are the two major parties that are in power from the Civil War to today?
Democrats and Republicans
DT commented that people with opposing viewpoints could separate into political parties or what else?
DT stated that the type of political parties he finds more successful are ones that cling to ____________, rather than to consequences.
DT noted that political parties who strive toward noble ideals are willing to speak in what manner?
"to general, and not to especial cases; to ideas and not to men"
(to general ideas and not to special cases)
DT noted that minor parties are deficient in what area?
After the War of Independence from England, DT noted that the two political parties were not violent toward one another and that both agreed upon what two moral principles of high order?
independence (liberty) and equality
DT stated that the party that desired to limit the power of the people and which endeavored to apply its doctrines more especially to the Constitution was known as the _______________ party.
DT stated that the party that affected to be exclusively attached to the cause of liberty was known as the ___________.
Which of the two parties that DT noted that were "always in the minority" but could "reckon on their side almost all of the great men whom the War of Independence has produces" and thus benefitted with American leaderahip for the first twelve years?
In 1801, the other party gained control of the presidency under whom?
What did DT state was the lasting monument of the original ruling party?
Did DT believe there were great parties in the US at the time of his writing?
DT stated that the parties he witnessed while travelling in America were not based upon principles, but rather upon what?
DT stated that there were two great divisions which have always existed in free communities, what are the two divisions?
to limit and to extend the popular authority (liberty and equality)
DT stated that there were two chief weapons used by parties in order to obtain success, what were the two weapons?
the public press & the formation of associations
What is the three-step process that a political aspirant will go through in order to usher in the new party into the political world?
1. by discerning his own interests
2. by calculating upon those interests which may be collected around and amalgamated with it
3. by contriving to find some doctrine that may suit the purposes of the new association
What type of system is common among European democracies?
What is another name for minor party?
What party has won most of the presidential elections since 1954?
Voting for candidates from both parties is called what?
Political parties are distinguished from groups in that political parties gain power by doing what?
What is the major purpose of a political party?
Legislative districts from which only one representative is chosen are called...
What is two major parties working together to support an issue?
A temporary alliance of several groups to gain a majority is called...
T or F: The major political parties tend to be a moderating force in American politics.
T or F: The power of he two major parties has always been well balanced.
T or F: Usually political candidates try to moderate their position to please the most voters.
T or F: The Democratic party is more liberal than the Reoublican party.
T or F: Some minor political parties arise one particular issue.