Chapter 8 Reversed Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Reversed Deck (11):

Pepsin's son who was the successor to the throne of the Frankish kingdom, a dynamic and powerful ruler. He was a determined and decisive man, intelligent and inquisitive. A fierce warrior, he was also a patron of learning and a resolute statesman. He greatly expanded the territory of then Carolingian empire during his lengthy rule.



After a rebellion against his authority, he managed to escape from Rome and flee to safety at Charlemagne's court. He placed a crown in Charlemagne's head and declares him emperor of the romans

Leo iii


Germanic people who had settled in Scandinavia. They had a great live of adventure and search for booty and new adventure. They were warriors and superb ship builders and sailors



When government ceased to be able to defend their subjects it became important to find some powerful lord who could offer protection in exchange for service. The contract is sworn and is a basis of a for of social organization that later generations of Historians called feudalism

Lord and vassal


When large horses were introduced a military change occurred, they now wore armor and rode on horses. These men had great social prestige and formed the backbone of the European aristocracy.



Peasants bound to the land and required to provide labor services, pay rent, and be subject to the lords jurisdiction. 60% of Europe's population.



Info-European-speaking people who came to Eastern Europe from the southeast. Originally a single people, they were late antiquity populated a large area in central and Eastern Europe. Beginning in the 6th century, through mass migrations and nomadic invasions, they gradually divided into three major groups.

Slavs - western, southern, and eastern


Two Byzantine missionary brothers. They began their activities in 863. They created a Slavonic alphabet, translated the Bible into Slavonic, and created Slavonic church services.

Cyril and Methodius


One rus ruler who married the Byzantine emperor's sister and officially accepted Christianity for himself in 987. He was a cruel and vicious man who believed an established church would be helpful in the development of an organized state.



The capital of Umayyad caliphate in Spain. With a population of possibly 100000, this is Europes largest city after Constantinople. It had seventh public libraries, and the number of manuscripts in the caliphs library reached 400000



Texts of this were brought from India, Islamic scholars had a big part in contributing to this. The list of those achievements in this alone is impressive