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example of true breeding stains

purple plants only produce purple offspring

1

what is heredity

the transmission of traits from parents to offspring

2

who discovered the basic principles of heredity

mendle

3

what is inheritance

the passing of traits by heredity

4

in monastery's garden, mendel noticed that in pea plants ___ specific traits could be seen

7

5

father of modern genetics

mendel

5

mendel developed _____ gentics

mendelian

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mendel was an australian ____ in the mid 1800s

monk

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mendel studied ___ and ___

math
science

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how did mendel discover the basic principles of heredity

by breeding garden roses in carefully planned experiments

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in monastery gardens, mendel was interested testing the ___ of the traits

predictability

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step 2 in mendel's experiments

cross-pollinate two P generation plants w/ contrasting traits

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in mendels breeding experiments he crossed pea plants with ___ ___ with plants with white flowers

purple flowers

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what are monohybrid crosses

cross involving only one pair of contrasting traits

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how many steps are in mendel's experiments

3

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1st step in mendel's experiments

produce TRUE BREEDING stains

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what is the F2 generation

offspring of F1 self-pollination

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in mendel's results the missing trait reappeared in some of the

F2 generation

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F1 generation are the

offspring of the 'p generation'

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3rd step in mendel's experiments

F1 plants self-pollinate

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if the first letter of the trait is a capital letter the trait is

dominant

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if the first letter of the trait is lower case then the trait is

recessive

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in each copy of a gene one is from each

parent

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what plants are the 'p generation'
what does 'p generation' stand for

plants in the 1st step
parental

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in one of mendel's 4 hypotheses it states that there are alternative versions of genes called

alleles

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what is a trait

characteristic determined by genes

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genotype

genetic makeup of an organism

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in mendel's results F1 showed

only one form of the trait

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in one of mendel's 4 hypotheses it states that one factor of a trait is ___, and hides, the other factor is ____

dominant
recessive

30

phenotype

external appearance of an organism