Chapter 9 - Construction Basics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Construction Basics Deck (37)
1

Amperage/Voltage

Voltage is the measure of force pushing electricity through wires, while amperage is the amount of electricity going through the wire

2

Balloon Construction

Framing with long studies going the whole height of the house - no longer used, largely because it's dangerous for fires

3

Basement

Part of house that is partially or entirely below grade (ground)

4

Beam

Long piece of wood, metal, or concrete

5

Bearing Walls

Carries the weight of roof/ceiling

6

Blueprint

Diagram of house

7

British Thermal Unit (BTU)

Rates heat and air conditioning systems. Measurement of heat compacity - amount of heat need to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Farenheit.

8

Building Codes

Protect public with standards for construction.

9

Building Envelope

Exterior elements that enclose the interior

10

Building Inspection

Process of ensuring compliance with building codes - issues Certificate of Occupancy for new construction and Certificate of Compliance for renovations.

11

Circuit Breaker

Device designed to break its electrical connection when an overload occurs - prevents electrical fires.

12

Concrete Slab

Foundation made from concrete reinforced with rebar

13

Crawl Space

Space under home (not full floor) that allows access

14

Drywall / Plasterboard / Sheetrock / Wallboard

Gypsum powder between two layers of coarse paper - fills out the walls

15

Eave

Lowest section of roof projecting beyond exterior walls

16

Fascia

Panel or board that faces the outer edge of the soffit - where the gutter attaches

17

Flashing

Metal covering joints to prevent water entry

18

Footer

Underground concrete base that supports foundation

19

Foundation Walls

Side walls that support the structure

20

Fuse

Reduces risk of electric overload and fires

21

Girder

Horizontal beam that supports vertical loads

22

Headers

Strengths walls for door and window placement

23

Joists

Horizontal beam supporting floor or ceiling

24

Lally Column

Steel support columns for interior use

25

Percolation Rate

Rate at which water moves through soil.

26

Pitch

Roof's rise in inches over horizontal span in feet

27

Platform Framing

Building constructed one level at a time

28

Post and Beam Framing

Floors supported by beams on resting on top of posts and the exterior walls - allows for larger rooms

29

Rafter

Diagonal beam used for roof framing

30

R Factor

Measures the strength of insulation

31

Septic System

Private sewage disposal system in areas without public sewers.

32

Sheathing

Placed over exterior studs and rafters

33

Siding

Outer covering of exterior walls (what you see)

34

Sill Plate

Anchors framing to the foundation, nailing surface for floors and walls

35

Slab on Grade Construction

Concrete slab on ground

36

Soffit

Underside of the eave

37

Studs

Vertical beams used for framing