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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Emergency Management Deck (43):
1

FEMA was created in ________

1979

2

FEMA defines ________ as the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters

Mitigation

3

The four steps to hazard mitigation plan

1. Organization of resources
2. assessment of risk
3. development of a mitigation plan
4. implementation and monitoring of the plan

4

The six categories associated with mitigation efforts

1. prevention
2. property protection
3. public education and awareness
4. natural resource protection
5. emergency services
6. structural projects

5

________ are those items or events that have the potential to cause harm, damage, or otherwise negatively impact the community and its residents.

Hazards

6

________ involve the potential for those hazards to become real. Risk can be viewed from two perspectives:
1. the likelihood or frequency of occurring
2. the potential impact or damage to the community

Risk

7

________ , staffed by public safety officials from all levels of government, have been established in an effort to collect real-time intelligence on potential terrorist activities.

Fusion centers

8

States' __________ are often activated to monitor ongoing situations into prepare for emergency needs proactively

Emergency operation centers (EOC)

9

Because disaster events often require outside resources, FEMA has developed a __________ System in order to accurately identify and define the type of resource available

Typing

10

__________ becomes necessary to ensure that requested resources arrive at emergency scenes with the expertise and tools required to complete the expected assignments

Typing

11

__________ provides a uniform assessment and documentation of the responders training, education, qualifications, and certifications.

Credentialing

12

__________ provide community safety training and outreach programs

Citizen corps

13

Two of the most common exercises are tabletop exercises and __________ exercises

Full - scale

14

The __________ exercise provides command staff and agency representatives with the opportunity to explore and discuss potential roles to be played during the emergency response and to validate information contained within the plan

Table-top

15

A __________ exercise is designed to test both the command and the tactical response to an emergency event

Full – scale

16

A post incident analysis should include representatives from all __________ in an effort to receive the most accurate accounts of operations

Operational agencies

17

MABAS

Mutual aid box alarm system

18

NRF

National response framework

19

The coordination and response by federal agencies is managed under the __________

National response framework (NRF)

20

ESF

Emergency support functions

21

In support of both emergencies and disasters, __________ were developed to coordinate the federal interagency support for a federal response

Emergency support functions (ESF's)

22

ESF 1

Transportation

23

ESF 2

Communications

24

ESF 3

Public Works and engineering

25

ESF 4

Firefighting

26

ESF 5

Emergency management

27

ESF 6

Mascara, emergency assistance housing, and human services

28

ESF 7

Logistics management and resource support

29

ESF 8

Public health and medical services

30

ESF 9

Search and rescue

31

ESF 10

Oil and hazardous materials response

32

ESF 11

Agriculture and natural resources

33

ESF 12

Energy

34

ESF 13

Public safety and security

35

ESF 14

Long term community recovery

36

ESF 15

External affairs

37

No written IAP is required for __________ incidents

Type IV and type V

38

This type of incident can be handled with one or two single resources and up to six personnel

Type V

39

During this type of incident command staff and general staff functions are activated only if needed

Type IV

40

During the __________ incidents; when capabilities exceed in initial attack, the appropriate ICS positions should be added to match the complexity of the incident

Type III

41

This type of incident extend beyond the capabilities for local control and is expected to go into multiple operational periods.

Type II

42

This type of incident is the most complex, requiring national resources to safely and effectively manage and operate

Type 1

43

The length of the operational period depends on the __________ of the incident

Complexity