Flashcards in Chapter One: Introduction, Orientation and Surface Anatomy Deck (46):
What are the four planes of the human anatomy and what do they look like?
1. Frontal/Coronal: cutting the body in half (front and back) from the right to the left
2. Parasaggital-Dextro/sinistro: uneven up and down the body (left and right)
3. Mid-Saggital: straight up and down the middle of the body (left and right)
4. Transverse: cutting the body in half (top and bottom)
What is the Frontal/Coronal plane?
cutting the body in half (front and back) from the right to the left
What is the Parasaggital-Dextro/sinistro plane?
uneven up and down the body (left and right)
What is the Mid-Saggital plane?
straight up and down the middle of the body (left and right)
What is the Transverse plane?
cutting the body in half (top and bottom)
Back of knee
Back of calf
Back of neck
Toward the front or belly
Toward the back or spine
Toward the ventral (front/belly) side
Toward the dorsal (back/spine) side
Toward the head or superior end
Toward the forehead or nose
Toward the tail or inferior end
Toward the median plane
Away from the median plane
Closer to the point of attachment or origin
Farther from the point of attachment or origin
On the same side of the body
On opposite sides of the body
Closer to the body surface
Farther from the body surface
What is the anatomical position?
-body is erect
-eyes directed forward
-palms are supine (facing forward)
-feet are flat on the floor
What is the dorsal cavity? It is divided into 2 smaller cavities; what are they?
The dorsal cavity holds the central nervous system.
The two smaller cavities are the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity.
What is the ventral cavity? It has three smaller cavities and two more subcavities within one; what are they?
The ventral cavity holds most of the other body organs.
The three cavities are thoracic cavity (pleural and pericardial within), abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity.
What is in the cranial cavity?
What is in the vertebral cavity?
What is in the thoracic cavity?
Heart and lungs
What is in the abdominal cavity?
What is in the pelvic cavity?
What is in the buccal cavity?
Urethra, gall bladder
What are the four quadrants of the abdomen?
Left upper quadrant, right upper quadrant, lower left quadrant, lower right quadrant
*Note: these quadrants are from the perspective of the SUBJECT, not the reader, so they are swapped on paper--think theatre stage.*
What are the nine abdominopelvic regions? From right (theatre/subject perspective) to left by column?
Right hypochondriac region, Right lumbar region, Right inguinal region
Epigastric region, Umbilical region, Hypogastric region
Left hypochondriac region, Left lumbar region, Left inguinal region