Chapter One: Introduction, Orientation and Surface Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One: Introduction, Orientation and Surface Anatomy Deck (46):
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What are the four planes of the human anatomy and what do they look like?

1. Frontal/Coronal: cutting the body in half (front and back) from the right to the left
2. Parasaggital-Dextro/sinistro: uneven up and down the body (left and right)
3. Mid-Saggital: straight up and down the middle of the body (left and right)
4. Transverse: cutting the body in half (top and bottom)

1

What is the Frontal/Coronal plane?

cutting the body in half (front and back) from the right to the left

2

What is the Parasaggital-Dextro/sinistro plane?

uneven up and down the body (left and right)

3

What is the Mid-Saggital plane?

straight up and down the middle of the body (left and right)

4

What is the Transverse plane?

cutting the body in half (top and bottom)

5

Cervical

Neck area

6

Coxal

Hip

7

Popliteal

Back of knee

8

Crural

Back of calf

9

Palmar

Palm

10

Antebrachial

Forearm

11

Nuchal

Back of neck

12

Inguinal

Groin

13

Brachial

Arm

14

Gluteal

Buttock

15

Sternal

Chest

16

Calcaneal

Heel

17

Ventral

Toward the front or belly

18

Dorsal

Toward the back or spine

19

Anterior

Toward the ventral (front/belly) side

20

Posterior

Toward the dorsal (back/spine) side

21

Cephalic

Toward the head or superior end

22

Rostral

Toward the forehead or nose

23

Caudal

Toward the tail or inferior end

24

Superior

Above

25

Inferior

Below

26

Medial

Toward the median plane

27

Lateral

Away from the median plane

28

Proximal

Closer to the point of attachment or origin

29

Distal

Farther from the point of attachment or origin

30

Ipsilateral

On the same side of the body

31

Contralateral

On opposite sides of the body

32

Superficial

Closer to the body surface

33

Deep

Farther from the body surface

34

What is the anatomical position?

-body is erect
-eyes directed forward
-palms are supine (facing forward)
-feet are flat on the floor

35

What is the dorsal cavity? It is divided into 2 smaller cavities; what are they?

The dorsal cavity holds the central nervous system.

The two smaller cavities are the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity.

36

What is the ventral cavity? It has three smaller cavities and two more subcavities within one; what are they?

The ventral cavity holds most of the other body organs.

The three cavities are thoracic cavity (pleural and pericardial within), abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity.

37

What is in the cranial cavity?

Brain, eyes

38

What is in the vertebral cavity?

Spine

39

What is in the thoracic cavity?

Heart and lungs

40

What is in the abdominal cavity?

Stomach, intestines

41

What is in the pelvic cavity?

Reproductive organs

42

What is in the buccal cavity?

Urethra, gall bladder

43

What are the four quadrants of the abdomen?

Left upper quadrant, right upper quadrant, lower left quadrant, lower right quadrant

*Note: these quadrants are from the perspective of the SUBJECT, not the reader, so they are swapped on paper--think theatre stage.*

44

What are the nine abdominopelvic regions? From right (theatre/subject perspective) to left by column?

Right hypochondriac region, Right lumbar region, Right inguinal region

Epigastric region, Umbilical region, Hypogastric region

Left hypochondriac region, Left lumbar region, Left inguinal region

45

The abdominopelvic regions have four dividing lines. Name them and their positions.

Subcoastal line (between hypochondriac regions and lumbar regions)
Intertubercular line (between lumbar regions and inguinal regions)
Midclavicular lines (2 lines between the three columns)