Test 2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology Lab > Test 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (98):
0

What muscle flexes the forearm?

Brachialis

1

What is the origin and the insertion of the Brachialis?

Origin: Distal anterior humerus
Insertion: Coronoid process of the ulna

2

What muscle extends the forearm?

Triceps brachii

3

What is the origin and insertion of the Triceps brachii?

Origin: Infraglenoid tubercle and posterior body of the humerus
Insertion: Olecranion process

4

What muscle flexes and supinates the forearm?

Biceps brachii

5

What is the origin and insertion of the Biceps brachii?

Origin: Supraglenoid tubercle and Coracoid process
Insertion: Radial tuberosity

6

What muscle flexes the wrist and abducts the hand?

Flexor Carpii radialis

7

What is the origin and insertion of the Flexor Carpii radialis?

Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus
Insertion: 2nd and 3rd metacarpals

8

What muscle extends and addicts the wrist?

Extensor Carpii ulnaris

9

What is the origin and insertion of the Extensor carpi ulnaris?

Origin: Lateral epicondyle of the humerus
Insertion: 5th metacarpal

10

Where is the Brachialis located?

In the middle of the upper arm, just below the shoulder, between the Biceps brachii and the Triceps brachii.

11

Where is the Triceps brachii located?

The muscle closest to the body, on the upper arm and just beneath the shoulder.

12

Where is the Biceps brachii located?

On the outside of the upper arm, the furthest muscle of that region away from the body

13

Where is the Flexor Carpii radialis located?

Starting at the inner side of the elbow and ending at the index and middle fingers edges.

14

Where is the Extensor Carpi ulnaris located?

Starting at the outer side of the elbow and ending at the pinky finger's edge.

15

What muscle flexes the lumbar vertebrae (lowest five vertebrae), and compresses the abdomen in forced expirations?

Rectus abdominus

16

What is the origin and insertion of the Rectus abdominus?

Origin: External surfaces of cartilages of ribs 5-7, Xiphoid process
Insertion: Pubic symphysis and crest

17

What muscle compresses the abdomen and is the opposite rotator of the thoracic vertebrae?

External obliques

18

What is the origin and insertion of the External obliques?

Origin: Outer surface of ribs 5-12, interdigitating with serrtia anterior; linea alba
Insertion: Iliac crest, Inguinal ligament

19

What muscle flexes, adducts, and rotates the arm?

Pectoralis major

20

What is the origin and insertion of the Pectoralis major?

Origin: Clavicle, sternum, and the cartilage of the first 6 ribs
Insertion: Greater tubercle

21

What muscle extends the head and shrugs the shoulders?

Trapezius

22

What is the origin and insertion of the Trapezius?

Origin: Occipital bone and spines of C7 through all thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: Clavicle, and the acromion spind of the scapula

23

What muscle extends, adducts, and rotates the arm?

Latissumus Dorsi

24

What is the origin and the insertion of the Latissumus Dorsi?

Origin: Spines of T6-L5, iliac and sacral crests
Insertion: Intertubercular groove

25

What muscles abducts the arm?

Deltoid

26

What is the origin and insertion of the Deltoid?

Origin: Clavicle and the acromion and spine of the scapula
Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity

27

What muscle adducts the thighs and flexes the legs?

Gracilis

28

What is the origin and insertion of the Gracilis?

Origin: Inferior Ramus and body of the pubic bone
Insertion: Mediao condyle of tibia

29

What muscle extends the knee?

Vastus intermedius

30

What is the origin and insertion of the Vastus intermedius?

Origin: 3/4 of dorsal and dorsolateral surface
Insertion: Mid-tibial tuberosity

31

What muscle extends the knee, displaces the patella medially, and rotates the femur laterally on tibia?

Vastus medialis

32

What is the origin and insertion of the Vastus medialis?

Origin: 1/4 surface of femoral shaft, from medial intertrochanteric line to near the medial edge of the linea aspera, intermuscular septa
Insertion: Dorsolateral fascia of Vastus intermedius, Medial patella, metal tibial tuberosity

33

What muscle extends the knee, displaces the patella laterally and rotates the femur medially on the tibia?

Vastus lateralis

34

What is the origin and insertion of the Vastus lateralis?

Origin: Femoral attachment: a line that runs the length of the linea aspera up to the lateral margin of the greater trochanter and arching across the margin to the dorsal intertrochanter line; Fascia attachment: the dorsal surface of the lateral intermuscular septum
Insertion: Dorsolateral fascia of Vastus intermedius, lateral patella, lateral tibial tuberosity

35

What muscles is a 2 joint extensor of the knee and flexes the hip?

Rectus femoris

36

What is the origin and insertion of the Rectus femoris?

Origin: Straight head: anterior inferior iliac spine, Reflected head: cranial lip of acetabulum
Insertion: Joins tendon of vastus intermedius variably at 1/3 its length above the knee, cranial patella, and tibial tuberosity

37

What muscle flexes the legs and flexes and rotates the thighs?

Sartorius (tailor's muscle)

38

What is the origin and insertion of the Sartorius?

Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion: medial proximal tibia

39

Where is the Rectus abdominus located?

Your abs

40

Where are the External Obliques located?

Outside of the abs on both sides

41

Where is the Pectoralis major located?

Your "pecks"

42

Where is the Trapezius located?

Starting from the neck, going out to the shoulder, and down to the center of the body by the sternum (in a V shape)

43

Where is the Latissumus Dorsi located?

A triangle on the back, starting from the corner of the shoulder to the center near the sternum, then around to the side, and back to the shoulder

44

Where is the Deltoid located?

Triangle shaped muscle on the shoulder

45

Where is the Gracilis located?

From the coccyx to the kneecap

46

Where is the Vastus intermedius located?

Femur area, middle muscle, lateralis on right, medialis on left

47

Where is the Vastus medialis located?

Femur area, muscle closest to body

48

Where is the Vastus lateralis located?

Femur area, muscle on the outside, furthest from body

49

Where is the Rectus femoris located?

In the middle of the Vastus medialis and lateralis (where intermedius is)

50

Where is the Sartorius located?

S shaped that starts at edge of pelvis, then arches toward body, and connects at side of beneath patella

51

What muscle includes dorsiflex and inverts the foot?

Tibialis anterior

52

What is the origin and the insertion of the Tibialis anterior?

Origin: Lateral condyle and body of the tibia
Insertion: 1st metatarsal and tarsal bones

53

What are the two muscles that make up the Triceps surae?

Gastoenemius and Soleus

54

What muscle of the Triceps surae includes the plantarflex foot and flexes the leg?

Gastoenemius

55

What muscle of the triceps surae includes just the plantarflex foot?

Soleus

56

What is the origin and the insertion of the Gastoenemius?

Origin: Lateral and medial condyles of the femus
Insertion: Calcaneous

57

What is the origin and insertion of the Soleus?

Origin: Head of the fibula and the medial proximal tibia
Insertion: Calcaneous

58

What muscle extends the hip during forceful exertion?

Gluteus Maximus

59

What is the origin and insertion of the gluteus Maximus?

Origin: Sacrum and Ilium
Insertion: Proximal femur

60

What are the two parts of the Epicranius?

Frontalis and Occipitalis

61

What muscle controls the eyebrows?

Frontalis

62

What muscle pulls the scalp posteriorly?

Occipitalis

63

What is the origin and insertion of the Frontalis?

Origin: Galea aponeurosis
Insertion: skin above supraorbital margin

64

What is the origin and insertion of the Occipitalis?

Origin: Occipital bone and mastoid process
Insertion: Galea aponeurosis

65

What muscle elevates (closes) the jaw?

Temporal is

66

What is the origin and insertion of the Temporalis?

Origin: Temporal bone
Insertion: Coronoid process of mandible

67

What muscle purses and puckers the lips?

Orbicularis oris

68

What is the origin and insertion of the Orbicularis oris?

Origin: Fascia associated with the maxillae, mandible, and lips
Insertion: Muscles and skin at angle of the mouth

69

What muscle compresses the cheek when blowing or sucking?

Buccinator (trumpeter's muscle)

70

What muscle elevates the upper lip laterally?

Zygomatic minor

71

What muscle pulls upward and laterally on the modiolus at the mouth corners?

Zygomatic Major

72

What is the origin and insertion of the Zygomatic Minor?

Origin: Ventral surface of the zygomatic bone
Insertion: Skin of nasolabial groove and upper lip

73

What is the origin and insertion of the Zygomatic Major?

Origin: Ventral part of zygomatic arch
Insertion: Modiolus at the corner of the mouth

74

What muscle closes the eye?

Orbicularis oculi

75

What is the origin and insertion of the Orbicularis oculi?

Origin: Medial wall of the orbit
Insertion: Tissue of the eyelid

76

What are the two parts of the Orbicularis oculi?

Pars palpebralis (palitable bundle) and Pars orbitalis (orbital bundle)

77

What is the origin and insertion of the Pars palpebralis?

Origin: Medial palpebral ligament and adjacent bone
Insertion: adjacent bone

78

What is the origin and insertion of the Pars orbitalis?

Origin: Medial margin or orbit and ligament
Insertion: Subcutaneous tissue of eyebrow

79

What muscle closes the jaw?

Masseter

80

What is the origin and insertion of the Masseter?

Origin: Zygomatic arch
Insertion: Angle and ramus of the mandible

81

What muscle flexes and rotates the head?

Sternocleidomastoid

82

What is the origin and insertion of the Sternocleidomastoid?

Origin: Mid-clavic and manubriun of sternum
Insertion: Mastoid process of the temporal bone

83

Where is the Tibialis anterior located?

Middle of patella to top of middle of foot

84

Where is the Gastoenemius located?

Back of calves

85

Where is the Soleus located?

On the outside of the Tibialis anterior on both sides, thin muscle that goes from patella to foot

86

Where is the Gluteus Maximus located?

Butt Cheeks

87

Where is the Frontalis located?

Above eyebrows to forehead

88

Where is the Occipitalis located?

Behind ears, back of head

89

Where is the Temporalis located?

Where the brain is...?

90

Where is the Orbicularis oris located?

Lip muscles

91

Where is the Buccinator located?

Cheek jaw bone

92

Where is the Zygomatic Major located?

Thin muscle strand from top of jaw to lips

93

Where is the Zygomatic Minor located?

More inward, bottom of eye to bottom of nose and lips

94

Where is the Pars palpebralis located?

Eye muscles, closest to the actual eye

95

Where is the Pars orbitalis located?

Eye muscles, ringed around the palpebralis

96

Where is the Masseter located?

Edge of jaw

97

Where is the Sternocleidomastoid located?

Behind ear, drawing down to bottom of neck