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Flashcards in Chapter One: Power Point Deck (15)
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1

What are Ethnographers?

People who study humans by residing in particular societies and observing behaviours.

2

What is Ethnology?

Examining a particular group of people to compare the behaviours of different cultures.

3

What is Anthropological Linguistics?

Focuses on language - how it evolved and the historical relationship among the known languages.

4

Who are Primatologists?

People who live with the groups they study and focus their attention on the group of animals called the nonhuman primates.

5

What do Paleoanthropologists focus on?

The skeletal remains of our ancient human ancestors.

6

What do Archaeologists focus on?

The material cultural remains left behind by past peoples.

7

Human's ____ has evolved, not just our body and brains.

cultures.

8

What are Catastrophists?

Naturalists in the late 17th to 18th century who believed that the world changed dramatically since creation through a series of catastrophic, natural, physical process that had been set in motion by God upon his original creation of the world. It is believed that thees natural processes can be understood through careful study.

9

Who gave rise to the view of uniformitarianism?

Scottish scientist James Hutton.

10

What processes could change the view of the earth, given enough time?

Erosion and weathering.

11

Who found stone tools and first applied statigraphic theory?

Late 18th century, John Frere, found stone tools in a small English village.

12

Who started the ground work for the area of stratigraphy?

William Smith, late 18th - early 19th century.

13

What was the Three-Age System?

A notion that culture had changed through time in a predictable sequence; stone to bronze to iron. Proposed by Christian Jurgensen.

14

What is Evolution?

A nondirected biological adaption to the environment .

15

Define Culture.

The nonbiological strategies for survival.