Chapters 10, 11, 12 Flashcards Preview

7th World History A Beka > Chapters 10, 11, 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 10, 11, 12 Deck (42):
1

North African Muslims

Moors

2

followers of John Wycliffe

Lollards

3

the Norsemen

Vikings

4

"Scourge of Europe"

Magyars

5

Arab nomads

Bedouins

6

Who painted the Mona Lisa?

Leonardo da Vinci

7

Name three elements of feudalism

fief, homage, vassal

8

The "Crusade of Kings" was the ____ Crusade.

third

9

Why was the term Renaissance appropriate for the age?

renaissance means "rebirth" & there was a rebirth in learning, art, & eventually the Bible.

10

Why did knights wear a coat of arms?

to identify themselves in battle

11

Why was the Battle of Tours so important?

The Muslim advance in Europe was stopped, saving Europe from being swallowed up in the Muslim Empire.

12

The author of The Canterbury Tales is

Chaucer

13

Which crusade captured Asia Minor & Jerusalem?

First

14

For what is Jerome best remembered?

translating the Bible

15

What two nations were formed by the Treaty of Verdun?

France & Germany

16

What was the protective trench that surrounded a castle called?

moat

17

A page became a squire while training to be a

knight

18

What were certificates from the pope that excused a person from doing penance or shortened his stay in purgatory?

indulgences

19

Who was crowned "Emperor of the Romans," beginning the Holy Roman Empire?

Otto the Great

20

Around what year did the Middle Ages begin?

500

21

court that judged heretics

Inquisition

22

worked the manors for the nobles

serfs

23

the god of Islam

Allah

24

the Lord's Supper

Eucharist

25

donated to the pope by Pepin

Papal States

26

withdrawing from society

monasticism

27

mixed church doctrine with Greek philosophy

scholasticism

28

"highly praised"

Mohammed

29

Muslim holy book

Koran

30

Islamic city in Arabia

Mecca

31

The painter of the Sistine Chapel's ceiling was

Michelangelo

32

The Greek philosopher _____, admired by many Europeans, was known as "The Philosopher."

Aristotle

33

Saladin was a leader of _____ forces during the Crusades.

Muslim

34

Jihad is the Muslim word for

holy war

35

chivalry was the ________ for many knights during the Middle Ages.

code of conduct

36

The Black Death was a terrible plague that killed from one third to one half the population of

Europe

37

Richard the Lion-Hearted was a valiant leader in which crusade?

third

38

John Huss was a powerful ____ from Bohemia.

reformer

39

Charlemagne's name means "Charles the _____."

great

40

Machiavelli wrote a book called

The Prince

41

On the map on page 20 of your altas know the following:

England, France, Spain, Germany, Russia, Norway, Italy, Iceland, Greece, Ireland, Alps, Strait of Gibraltar, Black Sea, Bay of Biscay, Baltic Sea

42

Compare Islam to Christianity. How are the alike & different? What is the main difference?

Islam, like Christianity, teaches that there is only one god, that Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses & Jesus were biblical people, and that there is an afterlife. Islam is unlike Christianity because it teaches that Jesus was just a prophet & that Mohammed is the final prophet. It denies much of the Bible & instead relies on the Koran. Islam teaches total submission to Mohammed's teachings & Allah, the god of Islam. The main difference between the two faiths is that Islam rejects Jesus as the Son of God & the way to heaven.