Chapters 12: Skin, Hair, Nails Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment Exam 1 > Chapters 12: Skin, Hair, Nails > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 12: Skin, Hair, Nails Deck (70)
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1

Epidermis

Outer highly differentiated layer composed of basal cell layer that forms new skin cells and outer horny cell layer of dead keratinized cells

2

Dermis

Inner supportive layer made up of connective tissue or collagen and elastic tissue

3

Function of the skin

Protection, Prevents penetration, Perception, Temperature regulations, Identification, Communication, Wound repair, Absorption and excretion, Production of Vitamin D

4

What can you tell from just looking at skin?

Hydration, Bruises, Scar, Liver issues, Age, Wight gain/loss, Sweating, Oxygenation

5

What can you tell from just looking at hair?

Grooming and hygiene, Nutritional status, Age based on graying, Genetics (i.e balding or early graying)

6

What can you tell from nails?

Cap refill, Clubbing from chronic hypoxia

7

Sebaceous glands

Produce a protective lipid substance called sebum (everywhere except palms and soles)

8

Sweat glands (2 TYPES)

Eccrine: coiled tubules that open directly onto the skin surface, produce a dilute saline saline called sweat
Apocrine: Produce a thick, milky secretions and open into the hair follicles (active during puberty)

9

Lanugo

Fine hairs on a newborn infant

10

Vernix caseosa

Thick cheesy substance made of sebum and shed epithelial cells

11

Mongolian spots

Darker discolored spots on an infant (hyperpigmentation on darker skinned babies)

12

Erythema Toxicum

Rash on infants (almost looks like chicken pox)

13

Milia

A cyst, a small, white bump that typically appears on the nose and cheeks

14

Stork bites

A common type of birth mark seen in a new born

15

Acrocyanosis

Bluish or purple coloring of the hands and feet caused by slow circulation

16

Physiologic Jaundice

Happens in a newborn 3-4 days after they are born and can disappera

17

Pathological Jaundice

Happens when baby is born

18

Ineffective thermoregulation in babies

Babies can't shiver, make sure babies are swaddles

19

Carotenemia

yellow pigmentation of the skin (xanthoderma) and increased beta-carotene levels in the blood

20

Striae Gravidarum

Stretch marks

21

Chloasma

Changes pigmentation in face

22

Linea Nigra

Dark line down the abdomen

23

Palmar erythema

Redness in palms of hands

24

Vascular spider

Tiny veins

25

What to keep in mind with changes in adolescents

Sebaceous gland secretions increase, secondary sex characteristics, subcutaneous fat deposits increase

26

Senile purpura

Mild trauma leading to dark red discoloration spots

27

Keloids

Scars tat form at the site of a wound and grow beyond normal boundaries of wound

28

Pigmentary disorders

Dark or light spots

29

Pseudofolliculitis

razor bumps or ingrown hairs caused by shaving too closely with an electric or straight razor

30

Melasma

patchy tan to dark brown discoloration of the face “the mask of pregnancy”