Flashcards in Chapters 7-10 Deck (30):
Unique patterns of behaviors and values that distinguish people from "mainstream" culture.
Understanding cultural patterns:
1. Defines its sense of self
2. Dresses and values appearance
3. Embraces specific beliefs and attitudes
4. Relates to family and significant others
5. Plays and makes use of leisure time
6. Learns and uses knowledge
7. Communicates and uses language
8. Embraces certain values and morals
9. Uses time and space
10. Eats and uses food in its customs
11. Works and applies itself
An active BEHAVIOR that negatively affects individuals within a specified cultural or ethnic group.
Stereotypes, prejudice, and racism are..
ATTITUDES held by people.
Rigidly held beliefs about a group of people; assume ALL share characteristics.
Positive or negative bias about a group as a whole.
Specific belief that one race is superior to another.
-Economic class background
-Trauma and other threats to their personal well-being
-Unique physical characteristics
-Language and location of residence
Reasons we work:
Economic, social, psychological
How do you look for work?
-Print materials: newspaper, ads
-Computer-assisted career guidance
-Assessment instruments: interests, aptitude, personality
Career development choices:
-Facilitate decision making
-Facilitate choice making
-Repeat the process until satisfied
How do you become a HS worker?
-Get the job
-Complete on the job training
-Complete formal education (certificates, AA, BA)
Implications: increase in effective services, gainfully employed, increase in salary.
Advantages of being a Generalist:
-Test the field with less investment of time and money
-Begin a career while being paid
-Need for providers is growing, so jobs exist
Experience between no work and a lot of work. Flow marks immersion into one's work.
Satisfaction and Engagement:
1. What is expected of her.
2. Feels the need to work.
3. Feels fulfilled at work.
4. Gets opportunities to do the best.
5. Thinks herself to be part of something significant.
6. Has opportunities to learn and develop.
Involves setting standards, organizing work, and focusing on goals.
Involves mediating conflicts and building high achieving teams.
-Discern their employees' talents
-Adjust their work roles to talents
-Develop talents to strengths
-Set challenging goals
Common values, norms of behaviors, symbols, language, and common life patterns among people.
An adaptive response to a situation. Must tend to physical, emotional, behavior, interpersonal and attitudinal self.
Factors contributing to stress:
Events and coping
Type A personality:
A term used for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger prone people.
Type B personality:
Easygoing, relaxed people.
People with optimistic explanatory style tend to have more control over stressors, cope better with stressful events, have better moods and have a stronger immune system.
Absence of control over stressors is a predictor of health problems.
Two coping strategies for alleviating stress:
Reducing stress by changing events that cause stress or by changing how we react to stress.
When we cannot change a stressful situation, and respond by attending to our own emotional needs.