Chapters 7-10 Flashcards Preview

Human Services 051 > Chapters 7-10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 7-10 Deck (30):
1

Co-cultures:

Unique patterns of behaviors and values that distinguish people from "mainstream" culture.

2

Understanding cultural patterns:

1. Defines its sense of self
2. Dresses and values appearance
3. Embraces specific beliefs and attitudes
4. Relates to family and significant others
5. Plays and makes use of leisure time
6. Learns and uses knowledge
7. Communicates and uses language
8. Embraces certain values and morals
9. Uses time and space
10. Eats and uses food in its customs
11. Works and applies itself

3

Discrimination:

An active BEHAVIOR that negatively affects individuals within a specified cultural or ethnic group.

4

Stereotypes, prejudice, and racism are..

ATTITUDES held by people.

5

Stereotypes:

Rigidly held beliefs about a group of people; assume ALL share characteristics.

6

Prejudice:

Positive or negative bias about a group as a whole.

7

Racism:

Specific belief that one race is superior to another.

8

R.E.S.P.E.C.T.F.U.L.

-Religious/spiritual identity
-Economic class background
-Sexual identity
-Psychological development
-Ethnic/racial identity
-Chronological disposition
-Trauma and other threats to their personal well-being
-Family history
-Unique physical characteristics
-Language and location of residence

9

Reasons we work:

Economic, social, psychological

10

How do you look for work?

-Internet
-Print materials: newspaper, ads
-People: network
-Computer-assisted career guidance
-Assessment instruments: interests, aptitude, personality

11

Census data:

Population estimates

12

Career development choices:

-Conduct assessments
-Offer resources
-Raise awareness
-Facilitate decision making
-Examine choices
-Facilitate choice making
-Follow up
-Repeat the process until satisfied

13

How do you become a HS worker?

-Get the job
-Complete on the job training
-Complete formal education (certificates, AA, BA)

Implications: increase in effective services, gainfully employed, increase in salary.

14

Advantages of being a Generalist:

-Test the field with less investment of time and money
-Begin a career while being paid
-Need for providers is growing, so jobs exist

15

Flow:

Experience between no work and a lot of work. Flow marks immersion into one's work.

16

Satisfaction and Engagement:

1. What is expected of her.
2. Feels the need to work.
3. Feels fulfilled at work.
4. Gets opportunities to do the best.
5. Thinks herself to be part of something significant.
6. Has opportunities to learn and develop.

17

Task leadership:

Involves setting standards, organizing work, and focusing on goals.

18

Social leadership:

Involves mediating conflicts and building high achieving teams.

19

Effective leaders:

-Discern their employees' talents
-Adjust their work roles to talents
-Develop talents to strengths
-Set challenging goals
-Provide feedback

20

Define culture:

Common values, norms of behaviors, symbols, language, and common life patterns among people.

21

Stress is:

An adaptive response to a situation. Must tend to physical, emotional, behavior, interpersonal and attitudinal self.

22

Factors contributing to stress:

Personality type
Explanatory style
Perceived Control
Events and coping

23

Type A personality:

A term used for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger prone people.

24

Type B personality:

Easygoing, relaxed people.

25

Explanatory style:

People with optimistic explanatory style tend to have more control over stressors, cope better with stressful events, have better moods and have a stronger immune system.

26

Perceived control:

Absence of control over stressors is a predictor of health problems.

27

Two coping strategies for alleviating stress:

Problem-focused coping
Emotion-focused coping

28

Problem-focused coping:

Reducing stress by changing events that cause stress or by changing how we react to stress.

29

Emotion-focused coping:

When we cannot change a stressful situation, and respond by attending to our own emotional needs.

30

Carl Whitaker healthy points:

1. Place yourself as a priority.
2. Learn how to love.
3. Listen to your impulses.
4. Listen to your inner voice and to others.
5. Enjoy your significant others more than anyone else.
6. Fracture role structures and challenge authority.
7. Challenge yourself- you're not always right.
8. Build long term relationships to feel safe and grounded to express your feelings.
9. Act whimsical (no predictable pattern).
10. Accept that you must continue to grow and change until death.