Charles and Foreign Policy (2) Flashcards Preview

Spanish History (Char) > Charles and Foreign Policy (2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Charles and Foreign Policy (2) Deck (17):
1

In 1536, what did Charles say to the Pope regarding the fighting against Islam?

He said he wished to wage "not war against Christians but against the infidel"

2

What was Charles' personal emblem and what words did it have on? What significance did this have?

- Pillars of Hercules
- bore the words 'Plus Oultre' (still further)
- suggested the Herculean task facing the king in fighting Islam

3

In 1532, why did Ferdinand have to be involved with Vienna? What was the result?

- it was besieged by the Turks
- no fighting, peace was made as the Turks withdrew

4

The Spanish people were really supportive of Charles' measures to deal with Islam in North Africa. Why couldn't he continue these measures until after 1529?

- he was involved in other commitments
- Barbarossa took the island fortress of Penon from Spain
- Charles' had the support of the naval force led by Doria to help him (meant he could move and supply troops from Spain to HRE much easier)

5

Why did Charles have to organise an expedition against Tunis in 1535?

- he had attempted a naval expedition to take Coron and Patras (1532-1533) but it hadn't weakened Barbarossa

6

What did the 1535 expedition against Tunis achieve?

- attacked and captured the fortress of La Goleta and the city of Tunis
- however, though most of the Turkish fleet was captured, Barbarossa escaped

7

After this major success, why couldn't this be followed up?

- Charles had other commitments in Northern Europe

8

List the further attempts to attack Islam

- first attempt to stop Barbarossa failed
- second attempt to stop pirate Dragut failed
- 1541: attack on Algiers came to tragic end when storm wrecked the fleet

9

Over the years 1551 - 1555, the Turks took other small places. Name a couple of places that Spain still held at the end of the reign

- Melilla
- Oran
- Mers-el-Kebir
- La Goleta

10

When Charles was made HRE, what was very clear to him regarding religion?

- that the German princes wouldn't tolerate interference in their affairs

11

How did the spread of Lutheranism intensify difficulties?

- it split the Catholic and Lutheran princes and cities

12

At the 1547 Battle of Muhlberg, who was defeated and by whom?

- Lutheran forces by Charles

13

After what event did Charles feel unable to continue and what did he do?

- 1552: failure to retake Metz from the French
- fled to the Netherlands

14

Due to Charles feeling ill and disillusioned, what did he do?

- gave his imperial authority to his brother Ferdinand

15

Who negotiated the Treaty of Augsburg and when?

- Charles' brother Ferdinand in 1555

16

How did Gattinara motivate Philip to protect Catholicism?

- urged upon his master a God-given duty to establish a 'monarchia' of Christendom

17

What other weaknesses did Charles face against Lutheranism?

- 1521: Edict of Worms banned Luther from preaching or publishing beliefs in empire
- but his ideas gained significant minority support and Edict of Worms was largely ignored in these areas
- absence of effective constitution, implementing edict became matter of negotiation with individuals
- tried to press popes and princes into a General Council to discuss religious matters but successive failures of diets led him to Mulhberg in 1547